Define the term ‘food security’
Food security is a state in which all persons obtain nutritionally adequate, culturally appropriate, safe food regularly through local, non emergency sources.
Identify the factors that contribute to making food security one of the most challenging issues the world has had to face this century
Environmental and economic factors including * Climate change * Increased demand for grains and grain fed meats * Increased energy costs * The use of lands and crops to produce biofuels * Heavy crop subsidies
Explain how poverty and food insecurity are linked
Food insecurity contributes to the continuation of poverty, and poverty is the largest cause of food insecurity.
Identify the two main areas of the world where the populations most vulnerable to food insecurity are found
As far as food security is concerned, vulnerable populations are in South Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa.
6a) describe nutrition transition’
Nutrition transition is the change in food diets, from traditional foods to those which are high in fat and sugar, alongside a decrease in physical activity and increase in health issues, often occurring in developing countries.
b) describe how nutrition transition is becoming a health issue in many developing countries
Many people have begun to eat foods that are high in kilojoules from fat and sugar and, at the same time, decreased their physical activity. This is resulting in higher rates of obesity and other associated diseases.
Explain why food security is a global health and human development issue
More than 860 million people suffer from hunger. Of these 830 of these live in developing countries.
DATA ANALYSIS pg346
Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Program
Identify the main global issue being addressed by the CAADP.
The main global issue being addressed by the CAADP is to revitalise Africas agriculture.
Summarise in dot points * The main reasons for this program
28% of Africas population are chronically hungry
Facing food emergencies such as droughts floods and conflict.
Africa is heavily dependent on external food aid.
This program aims to restore food security, reduce poverty and create rural development through agricultural growth. * The type of aid used * Head of states and governments in Africa who have agreed to allocate 10 per cent of their national annual budgets in agriculture * G8 countries and OECD partners which have committed support to the implementation of CAADP * The world Bank * Gates Foundation and Rockerfeller Foundation
Evaluate the CAADP in terms of * Its contribution to health and sustainable human development
The CAADP promotes investment in agriculture as an approach to resolving food security in a highly sustainable way. Simply providing food, while implementing immediate hunger problems, is a short term solution. * Its sustainability (particularly appropriateness, affordability and equity)
It not only reduces hunfer but also reduces poverty, increases economic growth, reduces the need for food imports and can build the capacity to increase the countries exports.
REVIEW pg 349
Define the terms ‘HIV’ Aids and opportunistic infections
HIV- Human Immunodeficiency. Virus that causes AIDS
AIDS- Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. Syndrome linked to a deficiency of the immune system caused by the Human Immunodeficiency Virus
Oppurtunistic Infections- viruses, parasites,