Essay On Urbanization

Words: 987
Pages: 4

According to the Census , 2011 , an urban area is one which satisfies the following requirements :
• Place which has a Municipality, Corporation or Cantonment .

• It has a minimum population of 5,000 people.

• And at least 3/4th of the male population should be working in non-agricultural professions.

• A town is defined as the smallest area of habitation.

Urban Agglomeration

• A continuous urban spread constituting a town and its adjoining urban outgrowths (OGs)

• Out growths are railway colonies, university campus, port area, military campus etc. that come up near a town

• All towns and urban agglomerations are grouped into following 6 classes according to population size :
 Class I : 1,00,000 and above
 Class II: 50,000 to 99,999
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 Class III: 20,000 to 49,999
 Class IV: 10,000 to 19,999
 Class V: 5,000 to 9,999
 Class VI: less than 5,000

• Any urban area with population exceeding 1,00,000 is called a city

• Urbanisation is an index of transformation from traditional rural economies to modern industrial one
• Important determinant of national economic growth & poverty reduction

• Urbanization in India has become an important and irreversible process

• Process of urbanization is characterized by a dramatic increase in the number of large cities

• India may be said to be in the midst of transition from a predominantly rural to a quasi urban society

• This transition to a quasi – urban society, however, has not been accompanied by a commensurate increase in the supply of basic urban services like :

 Water supply
 Sewerage and drainage network
 Garbage disposal facilities
 Citywide roads
 Public transport
 Public safety systems like street lighting and pedestrian pathways

• The supply of land and housing has not kept pace with the increase in urban population

• Lopsided urbanization  Growth of primarily Class 1 cities

• No accompanying industrialization

• Massive growth of slum due to poverty induced rural - urban