• Place which has a Municipality, Corporation or Cantonment .
• It has a minimum population of 5,000 people.
• And at least 3/4th of the male population should be working in non-agricultural professions.
• A town is defined as the smallest area of habitation.
• A continuous urban spread constituting a town and its adjoining urban outgrowths (OGs)
• Out growths are railway colonies, university campus, port area, military campus etc. that come up near a town
• All towns and urban agglomerations are grouped into following 6 classes according to population size :
Class I : 1,00,000 and above
Class II: 50,000 to 99,999
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Class III: 20,000 to 49,999
Class IV: 10,000 to 19,999
Class V: 5,000 to 9,999
Class VI: less than 5,000
• Any urban area with population exceeding 1,00,000 is called a city
• Urbanisation is an index of transformation from traditional rural economies to modern industrial one
• Important determinant of national economic growth & poverty reduction
• Urbanization in India has become an important and irreversible process
• Process of urbanization is characterized by a dramatic increase in the number of large cities
• India may be said to be in the midst of transition from a predominantly rural to a quasi urban society
• This transition to a quasi – urban society, however, has not been accompanied by a commensurate increase in the supply of basic urban services like :
Sewerage and drainage network
Garbage disposal facilities
Public safety systems like street lighting and pedestrian pathways
• The supply of land and housing has not kept pace with the increase in urban population
• Lopsided urbanization Growth of primarily Class 1 cities
• No accompanying industrialization
• Massive growth of slum due to poverty induced rural - urban