Essay L In West Africa from 800 CE to 1600 CE, Islam greatly changed life. Islam had been originally encountered by African traders along the routes that went through the area. The culture within West Africa was strongly influenced, as well as the economies of Ghana, Mali and Songhai. The politics in these kingdoms were changed as well. However, some African cultural and political systems continued to exist. Culture was one of the main points of influence under Islamic rule. Under Muslim rule, the culture from 800 onward changed to be more settled and united. Tribes and nomads settled down to cities. Women’s status stayed the same or worsened under Islam. Violence became less common throughout West Africa, at least until Sunni Ali came along. This was because Islam was a more organized religion. Some continuities occurred in Ghana, Mali and Songhai. Some people wanted to continue their traditional ways, such as tribal appointments and ceremonies. These groups were not outcasts; they just were not as large as the supporters of Islam. Some of these groups still practice their traditional beliefs to this day. The economy was also influenced, but it was the least out of the three. One major aspect of trade was the fact that the gold trade exploded. It was estimated that two-thirds of the world’s gold supply came from West Africa until about 1350. The reason it increased so much is because of the abundance of gold in the region. Money was made much easier to deal with because a currency system was established. Some important goods were brought into the region, such as horses, that were used around the world but not in Africa prior to this point. Continuities existed in that some goods that were traded before this time frame in Africa were still traded into this time frame. In addition, some of Africa’s traditional trade methods stayed intact, such as the old bartering system. It was not a simple overnight process that Islam became the main focus of Africa; it took centuries. Politics was influenced more by Islam than economics but less than culture. A change was that Muslim politicians were usually elected versus the previous methods of appointing kings and emperors. The kings and emperors now used Islam to their advantage because the religion was intertwined with the government. Islam also affected certain laws and practices of the time, as Islamic rulers were forceful in the ruling of their people. They set up their own way of running the government. The Muslim invaders that later came spread…
kickback is a clear conflict of interest. It doesn’t matter whether the bribe or kickback is in the form of money or something else of substantial value that is offered in exchange for access to specific products, services, or influence.” (Treviño, L. K. & Nelson, K. A, 2011) In this case, the "commission" biases salespeople’s recommendation, thus it represents a conflict of interest. If we put ourselves in customers’ shoes, we would find receiving commission is not fair to them. In addition…
Stevie L. Lowman II
Dr. C. A. Blanco
English Composition I
April 22, 2013
The compelling literation of Walt Whitman’s “O Captain! My Captain!” speaks volumes that transcends many generations. His mysterious stanzas, although completely related on their own, was less than sly to elude the bigger focus of the time it was written. For me to take a honest grip as to what was actually being mentioned in the selected literature, I had to do both research the author, to know the mindset of the poet…
February 18, 2010
Richard L. Ruffalo
New York, NY 10007
RE: “Strategist/Planner” position
Dear Mr. Ruffalo,
I am responding to your listing for the position of Media Strategist/Planner on the Yahoo!hotjobs Web site. I believe my background, education and life experience make me a good fit for this position. I am a creative thinker with the ability to stay current and keep foundational teamwork alive. My education at the University of the Incarnate…
Quals Direct Knowledge Task
Generated on 02/03/2015
Dip L. 2 Provide support for leisure activities
20/02/2015 at 20:55
1 Identify different activities that maybe regarded as leisure activities
Many activities can be regarded as leisure activities suc as: swimming, walking, football and other sports.
Also reading, listening to music and arts and crafts.
Your assessor is happy with your answer to the above question.
2 Explain how participation in leisure activities aids…
It seems like the issuing bank is bearing some of the default risk but it actually not. Before an importer requires a L/C, a same amount will be frozen on its account for the future payment. The only cost for bank is the labor cost. It might take an employee days or weeks checking for discrepancies. Our book tells us that most discrepancies are inconsistent data but that's after a L/C is issued. Before that, tons of corrections have been made, and most of them are even spelling and grammar. Even though…
noon on Tuesday; in addition bring two hard copies to class with you.
1. Write an essay of at least 1200 words [roughly four double spaced pages] in which you present your own critique/analysis of the ideas and arguments of E.D. Hirsch. 1200 words is the minimum length requirement. There is no maximum limit; if your ideas require more than four pages you can make your essay as long as you need to.
2. Your essay should be – as Graff and Birkenstein point out – your input into an ongoing conversation…
penl reform not only in Ameri, ut lso in Itly n
Engln through its influene on suh votes s Beri n Howr. Compre with
the other hrsh olonil oes in fore t the time, the Great Law of the Qukers ws quite
humne. This oy of lws envisione hr lor s more effetive punishment thn
eth for serious rimes, n pitl punishment ws eliminte from the originl oes.
Lter, in supplementry ts, murer n mnslughter were inlue s soil rimes…
journey to becoming an L & D Professional. It’s important for an L & D professional as it helps you to reflect on your learning and how to apply this to your work life and to see where there are development needs, it helps to enhance your job satisfaction and being more confident as will help you to put into practice what you have learnt.
L & D Profession Map
The L & D Professional Map is a tool that measures professional competencies and behaviours against that of L & D professionals. The…
Family, friends, and loved ones, goodevening, and thank you for being here. This evening we are all gathered here to honor corporal Jason L. Dunham, For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty while serving as Rifle Squad Leader in the Operation Iraq Freedom. It is said that there is no greater reward than the man who lays down his life for his friends. I say there is no greater love than those who give their lives for their country; for people…
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