Essay L In West Africa from 800 CE to 1600 CE, Islam greatly changed life. Islam had been originally encountered by African traders along the routes that went through the area. The culture within West Africa was strongly influenced, as well as the economies of Ghana, Mali and Songhai. The politics in these kingdoms were changed as well. However, some African cultural and political systems continued to exist. Culture was one of the main points of influence under Islamic rule. Under Muslim rule, the culture from 800 onward changed to be more settled and united. Tribes and nomads settled down to cities. Women’s status stayed the same or worsened under Islam. Violence became less common throughout West Africa, at least until Sunni Ali came along. This was because Islam was a more organized religion. Some continuities occurred in Ghana, Mali and Songhai. Some people wanted to continue their traditional ways, such as tribal appointments and ceremonies. These groups were not outcasts; they just were not as large as the supporters of Islam. Some of these groups still practice their traditional beliefs to this day. The economy was also influenced, but it was the least out of the three. One major aspect of trade was the fact that the gold trade exploded. It was estimated that two-thirds of the world’s gold supply came from West Africa until about 1350. The reason it increased so much is because of the abundance of gold in the region. Money was made much easier to deal with because a currency system was established. Some important goods were brought into the region, such as horses, that were used around the world but not in Africa prior to this point. Continuities existed in that some goods that were traded before this time frame in Africa were still traded into this time frame. In addition, some of Africa’s traditional trade methods stayed intact, such as the old bartering system. It was not a simple overnight process that Islam became the main focus of Africa; it took centuries. Politics was influenced more by Islam than economics but less than culture. A change was that Muslim politicians were usually elected versus the previous methods of appointing kings and emperors. The kings and emperors now used Islam to their advantage because the religion was intertwined with the government. Islam also affected certain laws and practices of the time, as Islamic rulers were forceful in the ruling of their people. They set up their own way of running the government. The Muslim invaders that later came spread…
John L. O’Sullivan—“Manifest Destiny”: John L. O’Sullivan, a newspaper editor in New York City, was the premier supporter and spokesman for westward expansion. O’Sullivan backed Democratic President James Polk’s desire to annex Texas, Oregon, and California. In his support he wrote many articles and coined the term “Manifest Destiny” to describe America’s inevitable future occupying the North American continent from the Atlantic to the Pacific.
John O'Sullivan, "Annexation," United…
Mrs. L. Smith 1B
26 October 2014
Genetic Engineering in Humans
Have you ever pondered a life where you are able to obtain desired traits for your unborn child? A technology so brilliant that it can prevent your children from acquiring certain fatal diseases? Through a process called genetic engineering, scientists are able to alter or modify the makeup of genes in the embryo of a fetus to achieve desired results when the child is born. The genetic…
Germans were the first to use flamethrowers in WWI. Their flamethrowers could fire jets of flame as far as 130 feet.
More than 65 million men from 30 countries fought in WWI.
There were over 35 million civilian and soldier casualties in WWI. Over 15 million died and 20 million were wounded.
Nearly 2/3 of military deaths in WWI were in battle. In previous conflicts, most deaths were due to disease.
During WWI, the Spanish flu caused about 1/3 of total military deaths.
Russia mobilized 12 million…
Technical Writing for University
Experimental Report Reaction Time
15 August 2014
The process for this experiment was to test the subject’s reaction time to catching a ruler that has been dropped by another person. A ruler was dropped at various intervals and caught by the subject. This was done without warning, to gage the exact reaction time that it takes for the brain to work the body part that catches the ruler. The subject’s…
L’Oreal USA: Does Looks Really Matter in the Cosmetics Industry?
University of Mary Hardin Baylor
L’Oreal is a multimillion dollar cosmetics company; it is also associated with other brands such as Ralph Lauren and Giorgio Armani. L’Oreal is particularly interested in employees that are enthusiastic about fashion and beauty, posse’s customer service abilities just to name a few (O’Rourke, J. pg. 357).
In Macy’s in San Jose, CA the manager Elysa Yanowitz was…
After I read the note I was mesmerized by it, I didn’t know what it meant. Immediately I went to that bottom drawer and saw what was in it, there was a museum entrance to the Smithsonian; I wonder if I should go there and just check it out, I’m sure Obama, my predecessor and now ex-president of the U.S., is just making me a prank for my first day as president.
On the way to the museum I started reading the newspaper. It said that Dan Brown had made yet another book on the Illuminati’s plans and…
1) The tolerance I had towards my girlfriend kept dropping as she continuously did things to annoy and anger me, and I started to question our relationship. I then remembered the famous quote by Shakespeare, "the course of true love never did run smooth." (a midsummers night dream, 5)This quote reminded me that love has its ups and downs, but that’s how you know whether or not its real, true love.
2) People always tend to pick fights with me when they’re angry and I never fight back because…
a 1. A diamond shaped sign means
(c) yield right of way.
c 2. An upside-down triangle means
(c) yield right of way.
b 3. An octagon shaped sign means
(c) yield right of way.
b 4. When you come to a STOP sign, you should
(a) be prepared to stop if there is an approaching car.
(b) make a complete stop and proceed when safe.
(c) slow down and proceed when safe.
d 5. What should you…
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Stevie L. Lowman II
Dr. C. A. Blanco
English Composition I
April 22, 2013
The compelling literation of Walt Whitman’s “O Captain! My Captain!” speaks volumes that transcends many generations. His mysterious stanzas, although completely related on their own, was less than sly to elude the bigger focus of the time it was written. For me to take a honest grip as to what was actually being mentioned in the selected literature, I had to do both research the author, to know the mindset of the poet…