Essays: Rwanda and African Great Lakes

Submitted By samoalivinia
Words: 865
Pages: 4

Today, I will be talking to you about poverty in Rwanda. This PowerPoint will include the geographic location, climate, historical facts that may have caused poverty in Rwanda, where poverty is and what it looks like in my chosen country, why they are suffering, what is being done to help this situation and my recommendations.
Rwanda is located on the east central of Africa. It is bordered by the east of the Democratic Republic of Congo and is surrounded by, Burundi, Tanzania and Uganda. Rwanda is in the African Great Lakes region and is highly elevated; its geography dominated by mountains in the west and savannah to the east, with numerous lakes throughout the country.
Rwanda’s climate is temperate to sub-tropical. It has two raining season from February to April and November to January. It also has two dry seasons. It is very mild in the mountains with frost and the possibility of snow.
On the 1st of July, 1962, Rwanda gained independence from Belgium. Before this, in the 1890s, Rwanda became a German colony. The Germans treated the Tutsi’s (one of the ethnic groups) better than the Hutu which is another ethnic group which created an ethnic war in 1959. From then on, Rwanda became an independent nation. As years went by, the Hutus overruled the Tutsi as well as the country. However this did not last long until a group of Tutsi refugees, formed a group called Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF) and fighting raged on and off. In April, 1994 the Rwandan Genocide began. The meaning of genocide is committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in a part, a national, ethnic, racial or religious group. In this case, it was an ethnic genocide. 800,000 Rwandans were slaughtered by their own countrymen and women. The killings began on the 7th of April. These killings were all because, as said before the dead person belonged to an ethnic group which were the Tutsis. The genocide lasted for 100 days in between April and July, 1994. In the end the rebels overthrew the government and the new government vowed to build a new society that wouldn’t be based on ethnic divisions.
Poverty is widespread throughout the country. 56.9 per cent of the total population were living below the poverty line and 37.9 per cent were extremely poor. In rural areas about 64.7 per cent of the population were and still are living in poverty.
The Rwandans live in small villages or small communities. They have mud houses with iron roofs in rural areas.

The Genocide has played a big part in poverty. It has changed the country’s demographic structure. Many women and children are either suffering from poverty or they are quickly falling into it. Because of poverty, both women and children are affected by HIVS/AIDS. Agriculture is the backbone of the economy. Rough terrain, erosion and climatic hazards combine with geography and the lack of modern technology to create serious constraints to agricultural development. Rural livelihoods are based on an agriculture production system that is characterized by small family farms. Rwanda lacks the need of everyday necessities. No doubt there is water, but it isn’t clean and it’s very diseased. Many Rwandans have food insecurity. They often rely on farmers even though the farmers can hardly rely on themselves.
A charity called September Campaign have found a way to cut poverty in half by 2020 but providing fresh and