Answer each question in 50 to 150 words. Provide citations for all the sources you use.
1. What is diversity? Why is diversity valued?
When there is diversity concerning something, that means that there is a variety of different kinds of that thing available, there is not just one kind, there is a wide range of unique “things” to choose from. Diversity is valued because having options is desired among most individuals; the same old thing can get boring, by having more choices things will seem fresher. Also when diversity is not valued it can lead to hate or stereotypical actions towards things unlike the preferred thing.
2. What is ethnocentrism? In what ways can ethnocentrism be detrimental to a society?
Ethnocentrism is when someone uses their own values or beliefs from their own culture or society as a basis to judge or look down on others of different belief systems or different cultures. I think ethnocentrism can be detrimental to a society because ethnocentrism is a system that breeds feelings of hate or discontent towards others that are unlike you. Not only is this unhealthy but you would also be robbing yourself of the opportunity to learn from that culture and be enriched by their own unique traditions. (http://www.merriam-webster.com
3. Define emigration and immigration.
When someone is an emigrant, it means that they are leaving their original home to go to a new land and settle permanently there, emigration is from the emigrants perspective, from the country of origin. Where as an immigrant is the same thing in sense, it is actually from the perspective of the place the person is going. Emigrate is to leave one place for another, immigrate is the act of coming into the new place.( Racial and Ethnic Groups, Thirteenth edition, by Richard T. Schaefer. Published by Merrill Prentice Hall.)
4. What are some of the ways groups of people are identified?
There are many different ways that groups of people can be identified. It seems the biggest way of taking individuals and grouping them together with an indentifying marker is by their race. Color of skin, type of hair, eye shapes, these racial differences is probably the biggest way people are grouped together. Other ways would include a persons religion or sexual preferences, these types of markers can also create another way of identification called minorities, a group whose members have significantly less control or power over their own lives than do the members of a dominant or majority group. (Racial and Ethnic Groups, Thirteenth edition, by Richard T. Schaefer. Published by Merrill Prentice