In this essay I will argue against ethical relativism for the following reasons. Ethical relativism also called cultural relativism says that moral rights and wrongs are independent to the society’s cultures in which they exist. Since this involves all aspects of the moral culture of a society, I disagree with ethical relativism because depending on the severity of the circumstances, the different cultures can be viewed as right or wrong from the perspective of any other society especially if it is harmful to the members of that society. Another reason to argue against ethical relativism is the idea that because an action committed by a society is intended for the well-being of that society, it is considered an acceptable action. In the same manner as my first reasoning, this is not acceptable if it causes harm to others. The first reason I argue against ethical relativism is the view that the moral rights and wrongs of a society depends on the cultural views of an individual society and cannot be judged by any other society as well as their own. This acceptance allows for actions that are potentially harmful to others. For example, if a particular culture allows for abuse of a woman merely because the female gender is viewed as having a status that is inferior to that of the men in the society, this cannot be acceptable because it is harmful to the livelihood of that woman as well as to all women who live in that culture. My argument is not just about equal rights of a woman but is about the well-being and safety for the lives of these women. Another example to support this argument is the society that accepts anti-Semitic views. It cannot not be morally acceptable regardless of culture if their actions cause harm to another person’s life especially when they are killing people just because they are different look different and have different religious views. Differences between cultures and societies as well as differences within a culture and society can be accepted by all as long they preserve human life. The second reason I argue against
compared to the modernization world we now live in. According to Hinman, there are three common systems of thought regarding ethics, which are, absolutism, relativism, and pluralism. Ethical absolutists claim that there is a single standard, which is their own, when determining what assessments…
We have been taught about ethics throughout our school life and in the society. An average citizen seems to have a good ethical perspective. However, do we really know what is right or wrong or are we just being influenced by norms and trends?
In the article Clive Thompson on How Group Think Rules What We Like, scientists Duncan Watts and Matthew Salganik ran a series of experiments about making a music-downloading Web site and creating fake trends and ratings on there. And the…
The sense of morality in the empty world
The subjective ethical relativism mainly suggests us that it is up to particular person to decide what is moral or immoral, right or wrong. According to this, the person is “justified” to do anything whatever (s)he feels good thing to do. The questions are: where do these internal “rules” and morality come from? From the senses of the person or from his/her attitudes towards the others? If the last one is true, would person feel any moral duties if one…
Ethical Relativism has many definitions and has meaning different meanings when stated in theory in general by the following definition “In ethics, the belief that nothing is objectively right or wrong and that the definition of right or wrong depends on the prevailing view of a particular individual, culture, or historical period..”(The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, 2005) Also can be viewed in three points of interest as well what is right for one person is not always…
They are rules of conduct that shows how our society expects us to behave and are the guiding principles behind the creation of laws.
Normative Ethics- Is the study of ethical action. A theory of ethics that…
What constitutes right and wrong behavior is a highly debated concept, which differs among diverse cultures, societies, traditions, and beliefs when determining specific rules about those actions. Ethical relativism is the theory that some moral standards are true, but their truth is relative to societies/cultures or each individual person and thus those standards will only apply within a culture or to an individual. The theory is subject to a number of objections, two of which…
“The Relativist Perspective means the ethical behaviors that are derived subjectively from the experiences of individuals and groups” (Ferrell, Ferrell, Fraedrich, 2015). This philosophy is based around the actions of others and then they will choose the ethical standards in it being right or wrong. For example, in the business world a “relativist would try to anticipate the conflicts that might arise between the different philosophies held by members of the organizations…
principles, valid for all people at all times and climes" (p. 57). In order to demonstrate the pitfalls of such approach, Pojman examines the premises of ethical relativism, breaking it down to Diversity and Dependency Thesis and analyzes how it compares to a "very modest objectivism." In the Diversity Thesis Pojman points out that ethical relativism maintains that there are no universal moral principles because a definition of right or wrong varies widely among different societies. Moral rules differ…
tossed between legalism and and ethical relativism. Legalism is a legalistic approach that formulates ethical behavior on the basis of moral laws from an external source as religion. (Rathus 2011) My faith is Christian, and I believe that all people should base their morals from the bible, but in this society its hard to justify the reasoning on my faith. Most just push it aside, and believe what they are going believe in. This is where the value system of ethical relativism comes into play. This view…
Object of an action
Points Awarded: 4
An ethical system that determines good and evil form the consequences that follows an act.
Intention of an Action
Points Awarded: 4
The moral conditions that are added to and modify the moral nature of an action.