Napoleon Bonaparte-Popular general who seized power in France in 1799 and ruled until 1815; he spread the ideals of the Revolution through Europe by conquest, with mixed effects.
Coup d' état-A sudden seizure of political power in a nation.
Plebiscite-A direct vote in which a country's people have the opportunity to approve or reject a proposal.
Lycée-Government-run public school, initially set up by Napoleon.
Concordat-Agreement between Pope and Napoleon: Napoleon recognized Catholicism as the religion of the majority of France, Pope does not ask for any land back seized during the Revolution.
Napoleonic Code-Complete set of laws set up by Napoleon that eliminated many injustices.
Battle of Trafalgar-An 1805 naval battle in which Napoleon's forces were defeated by a British fleet under the command of Horatio Nelson.
Consulate-Government established in France after the overthrow of the Directory in 1799, with Napoleon as first consul in control of the entire government.
Nationalism-A belief that people should be loyal to their nation, the people with whom they share land, culture, and history.
Liberal-Favorable to progress or reform; believing in maximum possible individual freedom.
9.3 questions 5-7
5. In 1804, Napoleon took on the legal system of France. The system of laws was in a state of chaos. Laws were not codified and were based on Roman law, ancient custom or monarchial paternalism. During the revolution, many laws were changed they were not equally applied to everyone.
The mishmash of laws were codified and written clearly so that the people could determine what law applied. It incorporated much of the Roman law. For the first time in history, the law was based on reason and founded on the notion that all men were equal before the law. It guaranteed individual rights (except for women and…