european intergration Essay

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European Integration online Papers (EIoP)

EIoP is a peer-reviewed, interdisciplinary E-journal in the field of European integration research. "European integration research" is to be understood in a broad sense. Scholarly contributions from all relevant disciplines are welcome, e.g. from legal studies, political science, economics, sociology, and history.

EIoP has been published since 1997 under the auspices of ECSA Austria. The editorial office is located at the Institute for European Integration Research, Vienna. From Vol. 11 (2007) onwards, EIoP is, among other indices, included in the ISI Social Sciences Citation Index.

EIoP sympathises with the Open Access movement and is a "ROMEO green publisher" (see Open Access Policy). All articles in EIoP are available free of charge. If you wish to be informed when new articles appear in EIoP, please register to our e-mail notification list.

Gerda Falkner (Editor-in-Chief)

Please note: EIoP has in 2013 received such a large number of submissions that we cannot process additional manuscripts at this moment. Please visit again in a couple of months.One of the first to conceive of a union of European nations was Count Richard Nikolaus von Coudenhove-Kalergi, who wrote the Pan-Europa manifesto in 1923.[1] His ideas influenced Aristide Briand, who gave a speech in favour of a European Union in the League of Nations on 8 September 1929, and who in 1930 wrote a "Memorandum on the Organization of a Regime of European Federal Union" for the Government of France,[2] which became the first European government formally to adopt the principle.

“ We must build a kind of United States of Europe. In this way only, will hundreds of millions of toilers be able to regain the simple joys and hopes which make life worth living.
Winston Churchill [3] ”

At the end of World War II, the continental political climate favoured unity in democratic European countries, seen by many as an escape from