70 Fun facts about European Social History Section 1 City Growth, Public Health, Bacteria
1. The size of cities in england grew by nearly 2/3 every decade.
2. Cities grew from 15% of population to 54% in 18241854.
3. Water Supplies were revitalized and cleaned up during most of the
4. Manchester (MAN U is the GREATEST)!!!!! Grew from 100,000 to A
MILLION, (A MILLI).
5. 1846 great britain saw its first public health laws.
6. Britains Public Health Laws included a better a water system but mostly an new and improved sewer system.
7. Due to having a cleaner environment and water supply, eventually this would lead to or contribute to longer and/or overall health and life. 8. Europes Death rate decreased dramatically, for every country and year in the late 1800’s the number would go down 50K, (more or less for some country)
9. It was not until the 1840’s that doctors started to observe and try to treat diseases instead of just giving that person medecine they started looking at the bacteria.
10. A smart man (Edwin Chudwick) said that Disease and death is what causes poverty, and he was right thanks to him and the public health laws established Not only did death decrease and life expectancy rise and birth rates skyrocketed it also had an effect elsewhere in The U.S, France and Germany Benefited from these laws and theories.
Section 2 Urban Planning & Public Transport
1. More than one third of the city's million inhabitants lived in and area not even twice the size of New York's Central Park
2. Terrible slum conditions and extremely high death rates were facts of life 3. On weekends and holidays, streetcars carried millions on happy outings to parks and the countryside
4. By 1910 electric streetcar systems in four countries were carrying about
900 million riders
5. Each man, woman, and child was using public transportation four times as often in 1910 as in 1886
6. In England, only 9 percent of the urban population was "overcrowded"
7. The Paris of 1850 was a labyrinth of narrow, dark streets, which was the result of overcrowding and lack of effective planning
8. Small neighborhood parks and open spaces were created
9. Cities such as Vienna and Cologne followed the Parisian example by tearing down old walled fortifications and replacing them with broad, circular boulevards on which office buildings, town halls, theaters, opera houses, and museums were erected
10. Electric streetcars were cheaper, faster, more dependable, cleaner, and more comfortable than their horsedrawn counterparts.
Section 3 Income, Middle Class, Working Class
1. Middle class families spent about 35% of their income on food and drinks. 2. Income taxes on the wealthy were little to nonexistant.
3. There were 4 main classes of workers: skilled, semi skilled, unskilled, and domestic servants.
4. Industry and technology developed a need for specialized knowledge and advanced education.
5. The highly skilled workers became known as the labor aristocracy.
6. The working class spent their free time getting drunk, playing sports, and in music halls.
7. Sweated industries were poorly paid handicraft production, often by married women paid by the piece and working at home.
8. The employment of a full time cook was a sign a family had crossed the cultural divide.
9. The greatest majority of domestic servants were women.
10. The upper middle class was composed mainly of the most successful business families.
Section 4 Sex, Prostitution, Gender Roles, Feminism
1) In Paris, 155,000 women were registered as prostitutes between 1871 and 1903, and 750,000 were suspected of prostitution.
2) Men of all classes visited prostitutes, but the upper and middle were the most involved.
3) Husbands became wage earners in factories and offices, while wives tended to stay home and manage households and care for children.