70 Fun facts about European Social History
Section 1 City Growth, Public Health, Bacteria
1. The size of cities in england grew by nearly 2/3 every decade.
2. Cities grew from 15% of population to 54% in 18241854.
3. Water Supplies were revitalized and cleaned up during most of the
4. Manchester (MAN U is the GREATEST)!!!!! Grew from 100,000 to A
MILLION, (A MILLI).
5. 1846 great britain saw its first public health laws.
6. Britains Public Health Laws included a better a water system but
mostly an new and improved sewer system.
7. Due to having a cleaner environment and water supply, eventually
this would lead to or contribute to longer and/or overall health and
8. Europes Death rate decreased dramatically, for every country and
year in the late 1800’s the number would go down 50K, (more or
less for some country)
9. It was not until the 1840’s that doctors started to observe and try to
treat diseases instead of just giving that person medecine they
started looking at the bacteria.
10. A smart man (Edwin Chudwick) said that Disease and death is
what causes poverty, and he was right thanks to him and the public
health laws established Not only did death decrease and life
expectancy rise and birth rates skyrocketed it also had an effect
elsewhere in The U.S, France and Germany Benefited from these
laws and theories.
Section 2 Urban Planning & Public Transport
1. More than one third of the city's million inhabitants lived in and area not
even twice the size of New York's Central Park
2. Terrible slum conditions and extremely high death rates were facts of
3. On weekends and holidays, streetcars carried millions on happy
outings to parks and the countryside
4. By 1910 electric streetcar systems in four countries were carrying about
900 million riders
5. Each man, woman, and child was using public transportation four times
as often in 1910 as in 1886
6. In England, only 9 percent of the urban population was "overcrowded"
7. The Paris of 1850 was a labyrinth of narrow, dark streets, which was
the result of overcrowding and lack of effective planning
8. Small neighborhood parks and open spaces were created
9. Cities such as Vienna and Cologne followed the Parisian example by
tearing down old walled fortifications and replacing them with broad,
circular boulevards on which office buildings, town halls, theaters, opera
houses, and museums were erected
10. Electric streetcars were cheaper, faster, more dependable, cleaner,
and more comfortable than their horsedrawn counterparts.
Section 3 Income, Middle Class, Working Class
1. Middle class families spent about 35% of their income on food and
2. Income taxes on the wealthy were little to nonexistant.
3. There were 4 main classes of workers: skilled, semi skilled,
unskilled, and domestic servants.
4. Industry and technology developed a need for specialized
knowledge and advanced education.
5. The highly skilled workers became known as the labor aristocracy.
6. The working class spent their free time getting drunk, playing sports,
and in music halls.
7. Sweated industries were poorly paid handicraft production, often by
married women paid by the piece and working at home.
8. The employment of a full time cook was a sign a family had crossed
the cultural divide.
9. The greatest majority of domestic servants were women.