In Plato’s “Euthyphro,” we come across two main characters, Socrates and Euthyphro. Socrates permits us to survey the ways in which decisions are formed for what purpose. Socrates and Euthyphro are discussing Euthyphro and why he is bringing his father to court to prosecute him for murder. They were talking about if the murder was just or unjust. Euthyphro is prosecuting his father, because he feels like it is pious to do so; however Socrates challenges us both the reader and Euthyphro to examine how piety is defined. Socrates question, what piety and impiety means. This then sparks a conversation about each of their concepts of holiness. As Euthyphro first definition of what is pious, he uses the action of him prosecuting his father. Euthyphro then states that piety is doing as he is doing. By this Euthyphro meant prosecuting wrongdoers, or anyone who is guilty. Euthyphro states that impiety is, not to punish those in which are guilty of murder, sacrilege or anything similar to this. Socrates feels like this definition is too narrow and that it doesn’t give enough information. Socrates then challenges Euthyphro to give a more general definition of what piety is instead of him offering an example. In turn, Euthyphro offers a second definition. The second definition that Euthyphro gives of piety is that piety is that which the gods agree on and hold dear. In turn, if the gods disagree on something, then it is to be considered pious. At this point Socrates then acknowledges that the second definition is more in depth, but he still points out that there are still some complications that surrounds Euthyphro’s second definition of piety. Socrates observes that what is acceptable to some gods may be unacceptable to others. For example, if we prosecute a woman for having an abortion in which she may think it is the right thing for her to do, whereas other people may think it is wrong then there is no definite answer. Socrates contends that if we base our decisions on the beliefs of the gods and the gods disagree, then there is no clear resolution to our actions. The final definition that Euthyphro gives of piety is very similar to the first definition with a small adjustment. Euthyphro proclaims that piety is that in which is agreed upon or loved by all gods. On the contrary, what all the gods dislike or disapprove is impious. Socrates then questions, how would Euthyphro know what all the gods agree upon or find pleasing? Socrates indicates that what the gods like or find pleasing does not offer a solid definition of pious action. Instead Euthyphro’s definition shows a relationship of how the gods respond, but the gods still may be indecisive. Euthyphro’s last definition still doesn’t break anything down; it fails to explain the specific types of things in which the gods would approve. In Euthyphro’s final attempt, he still fails at giving a concrete definition of piety to justify the prosecution of his own father. If we try to appeal to authority to make our moral decisions, there will be complications, complications that Euthyphro failed to acknowledge. With that being said, by basing our moral decisions just because someone tells us that it is right, we fail to evaluate what or who it is calling us into action. For every action, there is a reaction that’s why it’s always best to examine different possibilities from different perspectives before we make our final decision. For example, smoking marijuana is an action that can be examined with Socrates’ idea and goal. We understand that although smoking marijuana may create a personal pleasure and causes the user to feel euphoric, the long-term effects of memory loss outweighs the positive effects of that pleasure. Today marijuana is legal in some states and illegal in others. With this being said, the authorities have not come to a combined agreement whether to make it legal or not all over. Like Euthyphro, we often stand by our own thoughts…
Running Head: Euthyphro 1
PHI208: Ethics and Moral Reasoning
Instructor Craig Thompson
September 30, 2013
Running Head: Euthyphro 2
Euthyphro, is a quest for wisdom and the definition of holiness/piety. The dialogue Euthyphro was written by Socrates' protege Plato during the weeks leading up Socrates' trial in which he was accused of corrupting the youth in Athens. It features Socrates and religious expert…
There is no exact definition of piety in Euthyphro. Socrates begins a conversation with Euthyphro, an “expert” in religion, in hope of seeking a definition of piety before an indictment. Euthyphro gives Socrates four definitions of piety, but none seem to satisfy Socrates, leaving the question unanswered and without a good definition.
As the dialogue begins, Euthyphro is about to prosecute his father for murdering a murderer. On the other hand Socrates is also about to be prosecuted…
in their essence. In Plato’s Euthyphro, Socrates and Euthyphro contemplate the objective meaning of piety. Many arguments are presented to attempt to address the essence of piety, and in doing so a fundamental problem between arises. That is, if it is possible to have an objective definition of any concept or object. In this essay we will analyze Euthyphro’s definition of piety, and also investigate the contradiction, which arises regarding the subjectivity of piety.
The dialogue is set outside King…
March 18, 2011
What is Piety?
Life in ancient Greece was unique in itself. The whole of the city revolved around the Gods. The primary belief of the people of ancient Greece was individuals who had the right to be free, a democracy, as long as they abided in the laws of Greece. In other words, do what the Gods do. Religion in ancient Greece did not occur in a church or in a belief, but as part of a democratic government. To go against the Gods of Athens…
Analysis of Euthyphro
October 15, 2012
Analysis of Euthyphro
Socrates was put to death in Athens for subverting the youth of the city. He was indicted by Meletus and awaiting his trail on the porch of the King of Archon when he met Euthyphro. It was at this point he engaged in a debate about piety. In this paper, I will examine that debate and present my own conclusion about its purpose as well as my own definition of piety.
Philosophy A Concise Introduction – PHI 208
If everyone took the time to discuss holiness / piety (reverence for God), there would always be many different interpretations or perceptions on what it really is and just how to determine that it is being done. The best philosophers in the world have engaged in many conversations about this subject for decades. Socrates has been one of many that discussed this subject. Socrates was a man that was accused of impiety and…
Euthyphro and Mysticism |
Angela Smoulder |
Philosophy 101-01 |
The definition of division causes a basis of argument in Plato’s “Euthyphro”. While awaiting trial, Euthyphro explains that he has brought his father in front of the Judge with a murder charge. The idea of bring one’s own father to court brings forth room for debate between Socrates and Euthyphro. The main question being what is the definition of piety? The main reason that Socrates asks…
Justice and Piety are two closely related ideas, with different existing beliefs about their relationship. Through logical analysis, Philosophers have deduced the only valid relationship between Justice and Piety to be that Piety is a part of Justice. Some people however refuse to acknowledge this and maintain that Justice and Piety are Coextensive, or that Justice is a part of Piety. This paper will attempt to convince such people of the flaws in their beliefs, and show them that the only viable…
Justice is making sure the innocent is not wrongly accused and that the guilty are rightly punished for the crime they committed. Euthyphro and Socrates are in king archon’s court which Euthyphro is bewildered that Socrates is there and they begin to have a discussion on what piety is and what makes something pious. Is something pious just if the Gods love it? Euthyphro tells Socrates he is being indicted by Meletus. Indicted is when one is accused of a crime I believe the crime he is being accused…
up with man of religion, Euthyphro, outside of King Archon’s court. Euthyphro is described as a religious mystic due to the fact that he has made prophecies that came true after many laughed at him when he described these ideas to others. Euthyphro intends to charge his own father with murder, where the possible outcome could be death. Euthyphro uses the examples of doing what the gods’ do- what Zeus did to Cronos, and Cronos to Uranus. Socrates feels that Euthyphro is very intelligent, and…