In April 1775, war started, with British winning most battles.
In 1776 Continental Congress declares independence from Britain. Thomas Jefferson, principal author of the Declaration of Independence, based it off of the ideas of John Locke. Declaration of Independence * Gave a right to revolt * Emphasized popular sovereignty (all government power comes from the people) * Detailed colonist grievances against Britain.
Continental army had little military resources and experience compared to the power of the British army, but had the advantage of fighting on their land.
To combat this, the British army created alliances with colonies, Native American groups, and offered to free any enslaved men willing to fight for them.
In 1777, Americans defeated British in battle of Saratoga. This influenced support from France, Spain, and