Evolutionary psychology is an approach to psychology which seeks to explain psychological aspects of human behavior as a function of evolution. It attempts to identify psychological processes, such as sexual selection and kinship relations, among many other things, as evolved adaptations. Critics of evolutionary psychology cite the uncertain testability of hypotheses and the general lack of experimentation within the subfield (Hankins, 2013). Evolutionary psychology should be supported because humans and human intelligence have evolved on this planet from natural selection and thus have many adaptations, including mental ones, to help them survive as an individual and as a species. It can be noted that issues involving evolutionary psychology are hard to test and/or prove, but the approach itself does contain validity (Roberts et al., 2012). Evolutionary psychology makes sense in several different aspects. First of all, humans are not exempt from evolution. We evolved through natural selection just as any other species did. As such, we have certain adaptations that help us survive and reproduce. Most obvious are physical adaptations, such as a bipedal gait or opposable thumbs. However, mental adaptations have evolved as well; evolved behaviors reflect evolved morphology (Another Lame Attack, 2013). Even though critics of evolutionary psychology are correct in pointing out that hypotheses within this field are difficult or even impossible to test, that does not erase the fact that the human mind has evolved to become complex and to adapt to certain situations and environments. Evidence of evolutionary psychology is also found in primary literature as scientific studies. For example, a study done by Kruger, et al. discovered that sexual behaviors were most indicative of cheating (Kruger et al., 2013). It is speculated that this result indicates that people would not want their partners to engage in sexual behaviors with others because that would mean the individual who cheated would devote less time and resources to the partner and any children. In another study by Zeigler-Hill et al., people with benign (i.e. not injurious or deprecating) humor styles were found to be rated more positively among parents and peers, leading the researchers to speculate that humor has evolved as a signal and as a way to appease and bond with other members of a social group, much like mutual grooming in monkeys (Zeigler-Hill, 2013). Overall, critics of evolutionary psychology are correct to point out
The Evolutionary and Social cultural perspectives are said to play a large role in the way we
behave. Two different approaches to psychology, which share differences and similarities. Though some
believe it’s one or the other, many believe it is both working together. But what do these two views
By definition the evolutionary perspective is an approach to psychology on the principle of
natural selection. Natural selection is basically all about us adapting…
between the evolutionary interests of individuals of the two sexes'. (Parker, 2006, p. 235). Evolutionary interest can be understood as genetic interest, so whenever men and women will differ in terms of their genetic interest a conflict will occur. An example of sexual conflict is jealous conflict between males and females. According to evolutionary psychologists sexual conflict occurs because males and females have evolved different sexual strategies (). From the evolutionary psychology point of view…
Aspects of Psychology
14 July 2013
Theories of Psychology .
Behaviorist approaches are different from most other perspectives because they view people as controlled by their environment and specifically that we are the result of what we have learned from our environment. The early philosophical base for this learning perspective of personality is English philosopher, John Locke (1632-1704) who viewed the new born baby as a blank slate - tabula rasa - on whom the…
what evolutionary psychology means?
Evolutionary psychology studies the human’s nervous system such as brain structure, and individual behavioral differences. It studies the psychological adaptations that humans face regarding to the changes in physical and social environment. Evolutionary psychology tries to explain why humans act the way they do. It tries to find out problems that our ancestors’ face and how it became the way it is today. One of the ideas evolved in evolutionary psychology is the…
According to Nettle (2011), insight into the past, selective forces that shaped it and the problems faced by our ancestors can be reflected in the experiences the modern human encounters today. These findings can complement the modern approach to psychology and help the modern psychologist develop more in depth theories to help explain specific behaviours displayed by human beings today.
1.8 million Years ago, our ancestors lived in an era called the Pleistocene. This is a period when Homo erectus…
In the sixth chapter of Psychology Through the Eyes of Faith, Myers and Jeeves discuss evolutionary psychology and human uniqueness. What is known as evolutionary psychology today is the evolution of behavior and the mind using the basic principles of natural selection, this was also once referred to as comparative psychology. Comparative psychology in the early stages began observing sensation, learning, and behavior but grew with the increasing complexity of organisms. Along with that came ethologists…
Evolutionary is the study of human cognitive and behavior with respect to the evolutionary origins. Evolutionary has claimed of having an evolved effect of the brain or mind. Aesthetic humanity has evolutionary history overtime this shows that as we adapt to our social culture, we become accustom to the things of the environment for which we have known throughout time. Our inherited mental state has been seen by evolutionary psychology in certain behaviors which can result in a positive or destructive…
Course Name: AP Psychology
Unit 2: The Biological Basis of Behavior
Section 2: Nature, Nurture and Human Diversity
To what extent are we shaped by our heredity (nature) and to what degree by our life history ( nurture)?
Genes provide the blueprints that design both the universal human attributes and our individual traits. Behavior geneticists study the origin of our individual differences. By using twin, adoption and…
Article Review: A COMPARISON OF THE MASTERS
Liberty University: Advanced Educational Psychology 500
As an educator, is it important to analyze and compare bodies of work so that research effectiveness can be determined. In essence, the meta-cognitive process of a professional requires the professional to be able to synthesize information studied quickly in order to apply skills learned with “real life” classroom or workshop experiences. In this paper, the author owill…
Foundations of Psychology
June 9, 2014
Foundations of Psychology
Psychology is the science of the mind and behaviors. When we think of psychology, we think about the thoughts, feelings, and actions of everyone. In order to understand how psychologists create such apprehensions, we must first learn about the schools of thought. The early schools of thought, known as structuralism and functionalism, demonstrate the various processes that psychologists went through…