Evolutionary psychology is an approach to psychology which seeks to explain psychological aspects of human behavior as a function of evolution. It attempts to identify psychological processes, such as sexual selection and kinship relations, among many other things, as evolved adaptations. Critics of evolutionary psychology cite the uncertain testability of hypotheses and the general lack of experimentation within the subfield (Hankins, 2013). Evolutionary psychology should be supported because humans and human intelligence have evolved on this planet from natural selection and thus have many adaptations, including mental ones, to help them survive as an individual and as a species. It can be noted that issues involving evolutionary psychology are hard to test and/or prove, but the approach itself does contain validity (Roberts et al., 2012). Evolutionary psychology makes sense in several different aspects. First of all, humans are not exempt from evolution. We evolved through natural selection just as any other species did. As such, we have certain adaptations that help us survive and reproduce. Most obvious are physical adaptations, such as a bipedal gait or opposable thumbs. However, mental adaptations have evolved as well; evolved behaviors reflect evolved morphology (Another Lame Attack, 2013). Even though critics of evolutionary psychology are correct in pointing out that hypotheses within this field are difficult or even impossible to test, that does not erase the fact that the human mind has evolved to become complex and to adapt to certain situations and environments. Evidence of evolutionary psychology is also found in primary literature as scientific studies. For example, a study done by Kruger, et al. discovered that sexual behaviors were most indicative of cheating (Kruger et al., 2013). It is speculated that this result indicates that people would not want their partners to engage in sexual behaviors with others because that would mean the individual who cheated would devote less time and resources to the partner and any children. In another study by Zeigler-Hill et al., people with benign (i.e. not injurious or deprecating) humor styles were found to be rated more positively among parents and peers, leading the researchers to speculate that humor has evolved as a signal and as a way to appease and bond with other members of a social group, much like mutual grooming in monkeys (Zeigler-Hill, 2013). Overall, critics of evolutionary psychology are correct to point out…
Describe & evaluate evolutionary explanations of jealousy and infidelity in humans (24)
Evolutionary theory argues aggression in humans is an evolved, natural instinct which promotes survival and reproductive opportunities. Aggression appears to an adaptive behaviour as in the cave man days aggressive men had more access to food and partner selection. Throughout the species males aggressive tendencies can be seen to aid sexual selection, as males often have to compete with other males for access…
Concepts of Domains and place of animals in evolutionary history.
Archaea, Bacteria (single-celled organisms) and Eukarya (multi-cellular organisms)
Eukarya has many branches including Animals.
Animals: “multi-cellular life form that feeds on others, moves around for at least part of life and responds to stimuli”
Representatives of each of 35 lineages share common body-plan and evolutionary history.
By looking at main animal lineages, we can make sense of diversity and understand how animals…
- more money than god (富可敌国)
- D. Hubbard, How to Measure Anything
- David Buss, Evolutionary Psychology 尤其 male / female mating strategy
- Simon-Baron Cohen, The Essential Difference: Male And Female Brains And The Truth About Autism
- Deborah Tannen, You Just Don't Understand:…
The Evolutionary and Social cultural perspectives are said to play a large role in the way we
behave. Two different approaches to psychology, which share differences and similarities. Though some
believe it’s one or the other, many believe it is both working together. But what do these two views
By definition the evolutionary perspective is an approach to psychology on the principle of
natural selection. Natural selection is basically all…
Evolutionary Perspective Paper
Lucilo Estrada, Gabriel Guimaraes, Travis Baas
February 19, 2013
Evolutionary Perspective Paper
Before the Taliban was removed from power, rarely were girls allowed to attend school.Girls were not seen as people, but rather property. Recently, the will of the people advocated for change, and education for 13 young girls in Kandahar, Afghanistan became a greatdesire in spite of the danger to their lives. In a country that lives…
Thus, evolution is best viewed as a branching tree or bush, with the tips of each branch representing currently living species. No living organisms today are our ancestors. Every living species is as fully modern as we are with its own unique evolutionary history. No extant species are "lower life forms," atavistic stepping stones paving the road to humanity.A related, and common, fallacy about evolution is that humans evolved from some living species of ape. This is not the case -- humans and apes…
genetic makeup of a population over time. According to evolutionary change there are two general classes of evolution which include; microevolution and macroevolution. Microevolution is a process that involves the change in allele frequency in a certain population over a period of time while macroevolution is the change at or above level of species.
Natural selection is a basic mechanism of evolution which states that evolutionary change occurs through the production or variation in each…
Aspects of Psychology
14 July 2013
Theories of Psychology .
Behaviorist approaches are different from most other perspectives because they view people as controlled by their environment and specifically that we are the result of what we have learned from our environment. The early philosophical base for this learning perspective of personality is English philosopher, John Locke (1632-1704) who viewed the new born baby as a blank slate - tabula rasa - on whom the…
what evolutionary psychology means?
Evolutionary psychology studies the human’s nervous system such as brain structure, and individual behavioral differences. It studies the psychological adaptations that humans face regarding to the changes in physical and social environment. Evolutionary psychology tries to explain why humans act the way they do. It tries to find out problems that our ancestors’ face and how it became the way it is today. One of the ideas evolved in evolutionary psychology is the…
Discuss evolutionary explanations of human aggression (8marks + 16 marks)
Aggression is a behaviour directed towards another intended to harm or injure. Evolutionary theories of aggression explain that aggression is an adaptive response in terms of the individual’s survival and pro-creation, which creates a drive within a person to be aggressive. Men develop strategies to keep women away from infidelity. This includes, mate retention, cuckoldry, sexual jealousy and uxorocide. Men usually put these…