EXAM 1 Essay

Submitted By ngannt93
Words: 2904
Pages: 12

EXAM 1 : 96/100
Question 1
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The _________ has the power to interpret the laws of the United States and the states.
Select one:
a. The Executive Branch
b. The Legislative Branch
c. The Judicial Branch
d. All of the above
e. None of the above
Question 2
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What are the three branches of the United States government?
Select one:
a. Legislative, Executive, and Judicial
b. Legislative, Executive, and Presidential
c. Executive, Judicial, and National Security
d. Congress, President, and Legislative
e. Judicial, Executive, and the Courts

Question 3
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The Three-fifths Compromise referred to
Select one:
a. the requirement that three-fifths of the states must approve a constitution-al amendment
b. counting each slave as three-fifths of a person for purposes of taxation
c. allowing three slave states into the Union for every five nonslave states allowed to enter
d. counting large states as equal to small states in the Senate, but not the House.
e. counting each slave as three-fifths of a person when determining state population
Question 4
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A form of government in which the leader is chosen by the legislature is called:
Select one:
a. a separation of powers system
b. a presidential system
c. a legislative system
d. a parliamentary system
e. a democratic system
Question 5
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When the Supreme Court says that specific parts of the Bill of Rights apply to the actions of state government, they are engaging the doctrine of
Select one:
a. dual citizenship
b. due process
c. selective incorporation
d. free exercise
e. equal protection
Question 6
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The clear and present danger test allows government to
Select one:
a. regulate political speech when it is inconvenient
b. prevent people from protesting some government actions, such as wars.
c. limit some political speech but only when it may cause significant harm to others
d. jail dissidents and malcontents in some extreme circumstances
e. regulate minority viewpoints among citizens
Question 7
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A confederal system of government has a _________ central government. This is different from a unitary system, in which the central government is _________.
Select one:
a. strong; weak
b. weak; strong
c. strong; autocratic
d. nonexistent; moderately strong
e. moderately strong; the only government (i.e., local government is non-existent)
Question 8
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The agreement that led to the legislature having two houses is called the:
Select one:
a. New Jersey Plan
b. Great Compromise
c. Three-fifths Compromise
d. Missouri Compromise
e. Virginia Plan
Question 9
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The Federalists generally
Select one:
a. wanted to eliminate the national legislature
b. supported making both national and state governments much stronger than they were under the Articles of Confederation
c. supported increasing the authority of the national government
d. were suspicious of a strong national government
e. preferred a monarchy to a presidency
Question 10
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Which one of the following documents gave the states the authority to make their own currencies?
Select one:
a. Declaration of Independence
b. Article of Confederation
c. Magna Carta
d. U.S. Constitution as ratified as of 1789
e. The preamble to the U.S. Constitution
Question 11
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______ experienced the highest number of unconstitutional stops when compared to other racial/ethnic groups, based the article, Federal monitor ordered for Newark police for civil rights violations.
Select one:
a.…