Exam 2 Study Guide
Exam 2: November 15
Essay 50 points:
Answer the following using information from the text and lectures in class. You will be required to answer two of the following.
1. Discuss the growth in imperialism from 1750 to 1900. Use examples from both Africa and Asia.
Imperialism: process by which one state, with superior military strength and more advanced technology, imposes its control over the land, resources, and population of a less developed region
Between 1450-1750 Europeans traded with Africa but didn’t set up many colonies
Because of this, Free African states continued and at the end of the slave trade in the early 1800s, exchange between Europeans and Africans picked up
Traded manufactured goods for gold, ivory, palm oil (used for soaps)
Under the leadership of Muhammad Ali
Egypt grew to be the strongest muslim state of the 19th century, producing cotton for export and employing western technology and business methods.
His efforts to create a textile industry failed because he was unable to establish high tariff barriers against British imports.
In the Latter half of the 19th Century
Europeans began to explore Africa’s interior and virtually colonized the entire continent.
Europeans began to explore Africa’s interior led by
Dr. David Livingstone and Henry Stanley Livingstone, was a Scottish missionary and went to Africa in the 1840s and spent 3 decades exploring the interior of Africa and settling up missionary outposts. Contact with Livingstone was lost and Henry Stanley came to find him. This sparked interest in Africa and other countries followed them
This led to “the Scramble for Africa”, Britain, France, Germany, and Italy all competed for land in Africa
The Berlin Conference of 1884-5, in an effort to avoid war, allowed European diplomats to draw lines on maps and carve Africa into colonies. All parts of the continent were colonized by 1900 Asia (china):
In the 17th and 18th centuries the Qing dynasty began a decline, due to corrupt rulers and revolts from minorities.
Europeans sensed the problems and began to push for trading rights that China had been reluctant to grant in earlier times.
The Opium Wars (1839-1842)
In 1759 Emperor Qianlong restricted European commercial presence to Guangzhou. (a port in southeastern China)
Europe had little that the Chinese wanted, but the feeling was not mutual
So, The British East India Company, used Turkish and Persian to grow Opium in India and have it shipped to China.
This resulted in a trade boom, this mixed with a weak Qing government (who was accepting bribes) led to about 40,000 chest of opium coming into Guangzhou in the year 1838.
Wars began after the Qing refused to listen to British protest to trade bans
British sent a well armed infantry to attack, and forced the Qing to lift the trade ban The Unequal Treaties
Treaty of Nanjing, signed by chinese after the Opium Wars, was oriented toward trade. Chinese allowed trade of opium and open other ports. And gave over control of Hong Kong, and released Korea, Vietnam, and Burma from Chinese control.
This led to China being divided into “spheres of influence”.
Divided into trading spheres, giving each competing European nation exclusive trading rights in a particular areas. Hindering the Qing government powerless Taiping Rebellion (1850-1864) 2. Compare and contrast the development of China and Japan from 1750 to 1900.
Notes Sections (April 1, maybe feb 28 and mar 2)
1. After treaty of Nanking in 1842, china is divided into sections and opened to trade and outside influence.
a. Makes them want a better life
b. Introduction of new crops causes an increase in agriculture which causes a population boom
2. Taiping Rebellion leads to a boom in education as well. New combination of Christianity and traditional thought.
a. Abolish private property
b. Establish community wealth
c. Prohibit concubines and