Lau vs. Nicols 1974 decided that non-English speaking children thrown into English classes and told to “sink or swim” violated their civil rights. Under the Supreme Court decision, schools were required to provide material and teaching necessary to help ELL students with the language. No more language based discrimination.
Flores vs. Arizona 1992 argued that Arizona was not paying enough funds and adequate programs to ELL students. Said ADE was not following 1974 decision.
Proposition 203 of 2000 deterred bilingual education, and demanded ELL students have decent English proficiency after a year of SEI instruction. This blocked students from …show more content…
Study Guide 2
Lesson 6 1. Explain active and passive learning. * Active learning: “student centered”--students are actively involved/engaged, teacher asks high level questions of all students, students are physically involved, students work in groups to learn curriculum in an inquiry-based way. * Passive Learning: “teacher centered”. Typical teacher lectures and students take notes. While students may be physically writing, it doesn't mean that they are engaged or taking part in it. 2. What strategies are appropriate to use with ELL students? Explain the benefits of these. * Building Background—scaffold the information that students should know by may not have learned, but is essential for the content. * Immediate Feedback--Giving feedback regularly to English Language Learners regarding their speech, projects, and homework is critical. By giving regular feedback, you let students know that they are on the right track with their academics as well as with their English. * Comprehensible input—What you present to the students must be comprehensible. They must be able to understand it. Ways to do this: visuals, enunciation, slowing speech, gestures. * Cooperative Learning – jigsaws, partnering with a native speaker who can help, etc. * Vocabulary Development—Without vocab, a person could not be fluent in a language. Words are not learned in isolation. *