Essay about Explain the Sequence and Rate of Each Aspect of Development from Birth - 19 Years

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NCFE Level 3 Supporting Teaching & Learning in Schools
Assignment 1
26 November 2012
Page No.1

Unit 1 Child and Young Person Development

Learning Outcome: Understand the expected pattern of development for children and young people from birth - 19 years.

Task 1: Explain the sequence and rate of each aspect of development from birth - 19 years.

The aspects of development are defined as Physical, Social & Emotional, Language and Intellectual. There are different stages of development for each category, 0-3 years, 3-7 years, 7-12 years and 12-19 years.

All children will follow the same pattern of development but at different rates and will reach their milestones at different times.


During the 0-3 year period
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Friendships become stronger and adolescents depend less on the parents. They are much more aware of the opposite sex and need to fit in social with their peer group. People of this age begin to think about their social environment and may start to form strong opinions about community, politics and religion.


In the early stages of development language is more about making sounds to show feelings. Babies watch others to learn facial movements to help them to begin making their own sounds and will turn towards sound they hear. From making sounds, words develop and gradually increase in number. They begin to understand key words spoken to them and will repeat back what they hear building from single words, to phrases and then sentences. Children’s ability to understand develops faster than the ability to speak and this can cause frustration with not being able to express themselves.

During the 3-7 year period children begin to question things more intently, use more accurate grammar and their vocabulary increases dramatically. Reading skills start to develop, first recognising a few frequently seen words and understanding stories and books. During the Key Stage 1 years learning and recognising letters and the sounds they make develops into reading and later into writing.

The next stages of language development involves the vocabulary increasing further and learning to spell more difficult words. Adult interaction is