Cartographer- a person engaged in the production of maps.
Caravel- a small Spanish or Portuguese sailing vessel of the Middle Ages and later, usually lateen-rigged on two or three masts.
Scurvy- a disease marked by swollen and bleeding gums, livid spots on the skin, prostration, etc., due to a diet lacking in vitamin C.
Circumnavigate- to sail or fly around; make the circuit of by navigation.
Conquistador- one of the Spanish conquerors of Mexico and Peru in the 16th century.
Immunity- the condition that permits either natural or acquired resistance to disease.
Alliance- a formal agreement or treaty between two or more nations to cooperate for specific purposes.
Civil War- a war between political factions or regions within the same country.
Plantation- a usually large farm or estate, especially in a tropical or semitropical country, on which cotton, tobacco, coffee, sugar cane, or the like is cultivated, usually by resident laborers.
Privateer- an armed ship that is privately owned and manned, commissioned by a government to fight or harass enemy ships.
Missionary- a member of a religious mission
Revenue- the income accruing from taxation to a government during a specified period of time, usually a year.
Triangular trade- a pattern of colonial commerce in which slaves were bought on the African Gold Coast with New England rum and then traded in the West Indies for sugar or molasses, which was brought back to New…