Conquistador; spanish men given the right to explore and establish settlements in the name of spain.
Northwest passage; direct water route to Asia through North America
Plantation system; Unpaid labor to work large farms.
Columbian exchange; A transfer of people, goods, and ideas between the hemispheres.
Mercantilism; The idea that a nation's power is based on its wealth. A race developed among European countries to build empires and riches. Spain wins out early on.
From the 1400s to the 1700s, Europe experienced an “Age of Exploration”
It occurred is because we see the development of the countries, and/ or you run out of supplies and you have to go elsewhere to get your supplies.
Christianity was competing with Islam, still are today.
The moveable type gets the message out faster, but so is going there.; The renaissance encouraged curiosity and a desire for the trade.
As result of exploration, Euripeans natons grew powerful & spread their inflence throughout the world
Why did Europeans want to explore?
Gold, (money) the desire for new sources of wealth was the main reason for European exploration. *The Crusades & Renaissance stimulated European desires for exotic Asian luxury goods.
* For about 7 years they fought, literally fought, Holy wars was the name for it.
*Merchants began looking for quick, direct trade routes to Asia to avoid Muslim & Italian merchants
& increase profits.
*They only knew of one way, like horses, or legs, you know, actual movement.
The renaissance inspired new possibilities for power & prestige.
*Exploration presented Europeans the opportunity to rise from poverty and gain fame, fortune and status. *Kings who sponsored voyages of exploration gained overseas colonies, new sources of wealth for their nation, & increased power.
European Christians, especially Catholics, wanted to stop the spread of Islam & convert nonChristians to the faith
*Explorers were encouraged to spread Christianity or bring missionaries who would focus on on conversions.
: How were explores able to sail so far & make it back again?
*Before the renaissance, sailors did not have the technology to sail very far from Europe & return.
But afterwards they updated the technology.
Trade & cultural diffusion during the Renaissance introduced new navigation techniques to
*Magnetic compass; Astrolabe used stars to show direction.
*Maps were more accurate and used longitude & latitude.
*European shipbuilders built a better ship; The caravel was a strong ship that could travel in the open seas and in shallow water.Caravels had triangular lateen sails that allowed ships to sail against the wind.
*A movable rudder made the caravel more maneuverable; Cannons & rifles gave ships protection
Portugal was the early leader in the Age of Exploration
*Prince Henry the Navigator started a school of navigation to train sailors
*He brought in Europe’s best napmakers, shipbuilders, & sailing
*He wanted to discover new territories, find a quick trade route to Asia, & expand Portugal’s power