What is Social Policy?
Social Policy – is a formal and consistent ordering of human affairs
The way we order our life
Same sex marriage
Social Welfare – (a subset of social policy) regulate basic health and human needs in life
American Social Welfare
Social Security Act – 1935
50 years – tax wealthy – social programs
Federal Housing Administration (FHA)
1980 began more of a conservative movement
Non-Profits or voluntary groups
Long-term care – nursing homes
TANF (Temporary assistance for needy families)
General revenue taxes
Cash – and in kind benefits or substitutes
Government Social welfare – public policy
Private policy – nonprofit agencies
Government social welfare policy – decision made by state
Voluntary social welfare policy – non-profit
Corporate social welfare policy – for profit
Modify market forces
Social work driven by policies
Number of cases
Staff qualifications are less qualified
Number of times they see the case
Individuals and families meet their needs through market participation
If every body has a JOB, and you can make money – you will be okay
Prefer private sector approaches over government
Government shouldn’t get involved within the private sector when it comes to caring for people
Advocate for smaller government social welfare programs
Not anti-welfare – just minimal role (safety net)
Keep money supply growing
Inactive government in economic affairs
Let the market do what it is supposed to do
Government is the only institution capable of bringing social justice to those who cannot fully participate – they face the most obstacles
John Maynard Keynes
“Good” government – activist
Social welfare expenditures – human capital
Regulates the provision of benefits to meet basic life needs
Temporary assistance to needy families (TANF)
How to do a Policy Analysis (page 31)
1. Historical background
a. What led to the policy?
b. What was the historical context?
c. How was it handled before?
d. When did it originate?
e. Has it changed overtime?
2. Description of the problem
a. What is the nature of the problem?
b. How widespread is it?
c. How many people are affected by it?
d. Who is affected and how?
e. What are the causes of the problem?
3. Description of the policy
a. How is it expected to work?
b. What are the resources and opportunities?
c. Who is covered?
d. How will it be implemented?
e. Goals? What is the policy set out to do?
f. Funding sources?
4. Policy analysis
a. What is the vision
b. What are the goals – are they being met?
c. Do they contribute to equality?
d. Consistent with the values of social work?
i. Service ii. Dignity and worth of person iii. Social justice iv. Integrity
e. What are the hidden ideological assumptions?
i. More liberal VS conservative?
5. Political feasibility
a. Who supports?
b. Who has the power base?
6. Economic Feasibility
7. Administrative feasibility
a. Who delivers it?
b. Can it accomplish goals?
8. Primary research – personal interviews
a. Governmental or agency records
b. Published minutes of legislative bodies
c. Governmental publications
d. Think tanks, advocacy organizations, professional (NASW)
e. Professional journals, articles or books
f. Online data
Chapter 4 Discrimination
1. Prejudice – is a negative attitude towards an entire group (race, ethnic group, gender, age, etc.) – prejudice is a