Eyewitness Fallibility: The Innocence Research Task

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Eyewitness fallibility
The innocence project research task
Part one: Research the history of DNA and how it came to be used as criminal evidence
DNA testing made its way into the courts in 1986, when police in England asked molecular biologist Alec Jeffreys, who had begun investigating the use of DNA for forensics, to use DNA to verify the confession of a 17-year-old boy in two rape-murders in the English Midlands. The tests proved the teenager was in fact not the perpetrator and the actual attacker was eventually caught also using DNA testing.

DNA Evidence:
How accurate is DNA?
Errors can occur if DNA samples are damaged or contaminated from improper handling but it’s highly unlikely unless they have been problems with training.

Why is DNA Evidence so important to forensic science?
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Innocence Project
What’s the difference between physical and testimonial evidence?
A testimony is an eyewitness recollection of the events that have happened without giving physical evidence while Physical evidence is an object or person that can be found at the crime scene and tested.

What is the innocence project?
The innocence project, founded in 1992 by Peter Neufeld and Barry Sheck at Cardozo school of law, exonerates (absolve (someone) from blame for a fault or wrongdoing) the wrongly convicted through DNA testing and reform the criminal justice system to prevent future injustice.

What is its mission? What does it do?
The innocence project’s mission is to free the staggering number of innocent people who remained confined and accused of committing a crime they haven’t done and to bring reform to the system responsible for their unjust imprisonment.