In 1966 the government in England started to fund early year’s provision and since then there has been a variety of curricular guidance, culminating in the Early Years Foundation Stage 2008. It is a legal requirement for all registered settings that receive government funding to adhere to the principles in the EYFS. Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales have their own guidance.
All practitioners should understand and know the framework for Early Years provision used within the relevant United Kingdom home nation. The first and main principle of the EYFS is to achieve the five outcomes of the ECM of staying safe, enjoying and achieving, making a contribution and achieving economic well-being.
Since September 2008 England has introduced a statutory curriculum for children aged 0-5 years who are being cared for education outside of their homes.
The statutory framework for EYFS is set by the government and all Early Years have to follow this to ensure standardization, which includes childminders, after-school clubs, nurseries, pre-schools, play-groups and schools. In addition to the education programme that is defined, the Early Years Foundation Stage also combines the welfare requirements.
There are 7 areas of learning and development, the 3 prime areas are:
Personal/social and emotional development
Communication language and literacy
Providers must also support children in 4 specific areas, through which the three prime areas are strengthened and applied. The specific areas are:
Knowledge and understanding of the world
Expressive arts & design.
Each area of learning is linked to the 5 outcomes of the ‘Every child matters’ framework and key early learning goals. The development stages outlined are broad and show different ways children need to achieve these early learning goals. It is