CJ 2231 XITA
My paper will be introducing the topic on juvenile facilities. I will discuss what are juveniles and the Juvenile Justice System. I will inform you on why juveniles are sent to these facilities. I will add my input on how I think the facilities should punish juveniles. This paper will also explore the different type of facilities. I explored the subjects through internet sources, books, and the encyclopedia. I found out valuable information and learned the significance of juvenile facilities.
Facilities for Juveniles A juvenile facility is the place where a juvenile will go to wait for their case to go to trail and some return there after they are sentenced. Juvenile is the term used for an adolescent under the age eighteen. Research shows that under the federal law, everyone under the age eighteen is considered to be a juvenile. But the state has the right to decide what age an individual may be tried in juvenile court. You can be as old as twenty- one years of age and still be considered as a juvenile under the youthful defender act. I f you are a youth defender and is tried it will remain under your juvenile record. Juveniles are statutory age and are considered to be minors. You become a juvenile delinquent when you violate the law, but since you are under eighteen years of age , you cannot be tried as an adult. Crimes that are committed by juvenile delinquents are dealt with by the juvenile courts and justice system.
American Juvenile Justice System started back in 1349. It all started in England, beginning with Statute of Laborer. In 1536 a law was passed that a child between the ages of five and thirteen may be put to service under the government if they lived in idleness and had taken to begging. The Juvenile Justice System strictly deals with cases of minors. U.S. policy entered the U.S. in 1899. The system was made because minors could not make decisions for themselves; understand the outcome of their actions, or know the seriousness of committing a crime When juveniles become an offender at an early age then you have a better chance of learning and correcting criminal behaviors. The Juvenile Justice System was also formed to keep the younger offenders out of the adult prison system. The adult prison system is far too dangerous for them at their age. Being in adult environment,
Juveniles would be overwhelmed which would lead to prison violence and suicide. The Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act were passed in 1974. This Act was passed to increase funding for juvenile facilities. When the act passed, all states had to remove youth offenders from the same facilities as adult offenders. This act also started the Office of Juvenile and Delinquency Prevention, the Runway Youth Program, and the National Institute for Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (Einstein Law).
Many juveniles get sent to juvenile facilities simply because they have broken the law. They perform criminal acts out of desperations, attention and authority. Most of their behavioral patterns are influenced by the environment, which surrounds them . Juveniles are desperate to fit in with people of the same age or impress those who are a little older. When you are young you always find away to get caught up in material things, fall to peer pressure, seek to make the fast money , get introduced to drugs and much more. Drugs play a big role on youth and their acts of committing a crime. Adolescents tend to also act out with criminal actions for attention. If they are not getting attention from their family and friends, they will act out in ways that they will receive the attention from unwanted sources. Some seek to be in authority of their peers. When they commit a criminal act on another person, they obtain the upper hand and they can call the shots through violence and having weapons. Most