What are assumptions? Assumptions are things we take for granted or presuppose, sometimes it can be something that just happened. How do you think assumptions might interfere with critical thinking? Assumptions might interfere with critical thinking because we always seem to judge everyone before giving them a chance to explain their situation. For example, before I can get start my shift right one of the overnight managers always has something negative to say before I can get the information she should already have from the overnight Customer Service Manager. What might you do to avoid making assumptions in your thinking? To avoid making assumptions in my thinking, I would look at the situation from another point of view in order not to assume the worse of the situation. In other words I would consider myself going through a similar situation, and I wouldn’t want anyone to judge me the wrong way. For example, I have to leave work early on Monday and Wednesday afternoons to take my soon to physical therapy. A few of my fellow co-workers had a problem with it, but before they could give me a chance to show the evidence, they assumed I just didn’t want to work the shifts that were given to me. Overall, I made sure I had proof to cover myself in this situation, because I definitely didn’t want to be written up for someone else’s false accusations.
Elder, L., & Paul, R. (2002). Critical Thinking: Distinguishing Between Inferences and Assumptions. Journal of Developmental Education, 25(3), 34.
What are fallacies? Fallacies explain and exemplify ways in which unsound arguments can be made to appear sound. How are fallacies used in written, oral, and visual arguments? Fallacies are used in written, oral an verbal arguments by making the other