Family Developmental Theory Essay

Words: 2730
Pages: 11

Family Developmental Theory
Historical Development

• Family developmental theory is an approach to studying families, which is useful in explaining patterned change, the dynamic nature of the family, and how change occurs in the family life cycle.

• The roots of family developmental theory date back to the 1930s from works of sociologists, economists, and demographers who established family categories (which were the precursors to the stages of development

• From the mid 1940s to the early 1950s, theorists such as Paul Glick, Evelyn Duvall, Reuben Hill, and Rachel Ann Edwards contributed to a more sophisticated developmental approach.

• Since the 1950s, family developmental theory has been used to explain the
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8. Develop a beginning symbol system, conceptual abilities, and preverbal communication.
9. Direct emotional expression to indicate needs and wishes.

Family Developmental Tasks

1. Income adjustments.
2. Role shifts.
3. Re-adjustment of personal goals toward family goals.
4. Linkage with extended family.

Stage II. Toddler
Developmental Tasks
The constantly sensitive situation of the toddler gaining autonomy and independence – at times over-reaching and needing parent’s help, at times needing the freedom from parent’s protection – is one which you can help parents understand. His future personality and health will depend partially on how these many opportunities are handled at this time.

1. Settling into healthy daily routines.
2. Mastering good eating habits.
3. Mastering the basics of toilet-training.
4. Developing the physical skills appropriate to his stage of motor development.
5. Becoming a family member.
6. Learning to communicate effectively with others.

Family Developmental Tasks
1. Meeting the spiraling costs of family living.
2. Providing a home that is safe, comfortable, and has adequate space.
3. Maintaining sexual involvement which meets both partners’ needs.
4. Developing a satisfactory division of labor.
5. Promoting understanding between the toddler and his family.
6. Determining whether the family will have more children.
7. Re-dedicating themselves, among