Fascism In Germany The word 'fascism' comes from a man named Benito Mussolini, who was in charge of Italy by a fascist regime. This man created a new governing system with three principles of a fascist philosophy; "Everything in the state", "Nothing outside the state", and "Nothing against the state." Mussolini believed in the absolute control of everyone and everything, and held Italy to the highest value. He dictated each and every individual's rights, including what people could read and wear. However, while many people did not agree with this type of government, during the 1920's and 30's Adolf Hitler genuinely admired Mussolini for his work, and influenced the structure of what we know today as Nazism. There are many similarities between Nazism and Fascism, but Hitler took Mussolini's work, and made it larger, until he would later on conquer most of Europe and beyond. During the 1920's, and early 1930's, Germany was unstable socially, economically, and politically. The population was disappointed, scared, and had no where to look for a rescuer. Germany, while devastated with a collapsing economy, found hope in the form of fascism, and proclaimed Adolph Hitler as Chancellor of Germany. With him, the Nazi party began to set a dominant force on the puzzled nation, and won Germany's heart by manipulating their minds. The Germans were made huge promises of sweeping change and reform in their crumbling nation, and naturally, people went to his side. Hitler started up factories that had been closed down due to the Great Depression, built roads, and put people back to work. The Germans couldn't have been happier, Hitler had given them an escape to their problems, and began to rebuild the nation. Although Germany was beginning to see hope, much of the population were also experiencing the new fascism laws full on. The fascism government was also very racial and hated certain groups of people. One of the major policies concerning the state, was that you were only allowed to be as a part of the state, if you were of German descent. Another of the major policies was that you could only vote if you were, again, a part of German descent. The economy also had its rules, like staying loyal to the Nazi party of Germany. All these rules were very easy to abide by, as long as you were of German descent. As Hitler was gaining more and more power, he also gained more control of many organizations, religions, and even tried to eliminate homosexuality. The Nazi party guaranteed freedom for all religious denominations that would not affect the state in any way. This being said, Hitler then endorsed a modified version of Christianity which encouraged racial purity and nationalism. He proclaimed that the Old Testament, and parts of the New Testament were inaccurate, including that Jesus was not a Jew. To make matters worse, Hitler denounced the Old Testament as "Satan's Bible". Hitler based most of his biases on racist slurs against Jews, such as noting that Jesus is "Yelling at the Jews" (John 8:44). The Nazis were initially hostile to Catholics because most Catholics at that time supported the German Centre Party, which was a Catholic Political Party during that time. A feud between the Nazis and the Catholics had then begun as the Nazi party demanded that Catholics declare their loyalty to the German state. Hitler also began the ritual of "Book burning" where him and his Nazi party would burn any book, including bibles, that were written by Jewish authors. He wanted to show his people that the Jews were not people, and were hated by God. Although admitted by himself, that these rituals were inspired by the catholic rituals he had witnessed during his Catholic upbringing. Hitler never denied himself being a Catholic, but he truly believed his version of the bible he had demonstrated to people was the right one. By doing this, and removing the religious influence on the Germans, he was taking away their hope, thus being able to
B. Benito Mussolini in Italy
a. Not all totalitarian dictators were Communists
b. In ____________, ___________________, & Spain, people turned to an extremely nationalist gov’t called fascism
i. _________________ gov’ts were controlled by dictators who demanded _____________________ from citizens
ii. Fascists did not offer _____________________________ & used one-party to rule the nation
c. Fascism vs. Communism
i. Unlike Communists, fascists believed…
economic collapse, and the political instability caused by World War I led the rise of fascism in Europe to World War II. The Nazi version of fascism was dedicated to the reversal of the Versailles Treaty and the establishment of a German Empire by means of war and conquest. The Great Depression destroyed the economies of Europe and the United States. This was fertile ground for the emergence of the Nazis to power in Germany, and a military clique to take power in Japan. In the United States and in Western…
promised to improve conditions. Pollution was resolved by welfare programs, where the nations gave assistance to families in need.
Rise of Fascism: (In Italy)
Fascism in Italy rose rapidly after World War 1. Fascists have authoritarian government that is not communist. There were many causes that accused in Italy, which fascism rose. Economic crisis lead to fascism. Taxes increased and trade decline. Severe inflation occurred and strikes unemployment. Many political issues came about. Italy had weak…
singing overrode the Germans. The French's anthem does not just represent the French it represents freedom` for all. While the Germans is dark and surrounded by fascism and death. This was propaganda for pro-America and anti-Germany because these people were singing about freedom which is what America represents and opposing what Germany is for.This made the Germans angry. They feared that this would inspire more people to rebel against them. This caused Major Strasser to demand that Captain Renault…
The Communism, Fascism and Nazism seemed to be great political systems, yet each one has proved to be failure from the beginning. These three types of government systems had the intentions of making people’s lives better, but the Communist regime realized that everyone could have a good life without a class system; moreover, the government will gradually get out and everyone will live in sort of heaven on earth. Fascism and Nazism intended to make a better life for anyone by expanding…
ITALY and NAZI GERMANY
The reasons for the rise of Fascism in both Germany and Italy had three common
denominators:1. Frustrated nationalism
2. Fear of the spectre of communism
3. Distrust/disillusionment with democracy
1. Frustrated nationalism
Italy had entered WWI in return for promises of land but she only received S.Tyrol at
Versailles (much resentment as poverty-stricken Italy had made great material sacrifices
i.e. 600,000 dead, which she could ill-afford).
Treaty of Versailles…
The nature of the State: As Understood in Communism vs. Fascism
A government is a natural expression of a country’s identity of who they are. In comparing governments, the basic knowledge of what is government is a key foundation. Studying different ideas of government and comparing them can expand minds to view things in different perspectives and can illuminate how diverse societies understand themselves and each other.
Evolving governments, result in the rising…
II was a global conflict that greatly exceeded the impact of its predecessors. Essentially, Europe and Asia were dominated by three nations: Nazi Germany and Italy for Europe and Japan for Asia. The motivation of the European and Asian aggressors is traced back to the harsh terms of the Treaty of Versailles as well as the rise of fascism. Moreover, fascism was extremely imperative to these aggressors because it revitalized nationalism that was dormant as a result of economic depression and encouraged…
the National Fascist Party, ruling the country from 1922 to his ousting in 1943. In 1926 Mussolini seized total power as dictator and ruled Italy as Il Duce ("the leader") from 1930 to 1943. Mussolini was one of the key figures in the creation of fascism.
Originally a member of the Italian Socialist Party (PSI), Mussolini was expelled from the PSI due to his opposition to the party's stance on neutrality in World War I. Mussolini denounced the PSI, and later founded the fascist movement. Following…
Vol4, Chap22, Ques1: I would consider the industrialization period a disaster for the Europeans in the 19th century. During the first decades of the industrial revolution period the little government control caused very harsh working conditions. Many children worked in factories due to the working conditions, which caused factories to be investigated because of child labor in factories. John Wright explained his testimony about working in a factory under harsh conditions. “The regular hours are from…