For example, an argument in which the anti-Federalists and Federalists disagreed, was what type of representation was best. In Federalist 1 Madison argues that the United States should have a large Republic, instead of a democracy. The republic would have representatives in proportion to the population so that the representatives were not disconnected from the people. Madison states, the representatives could “be more consonant to the public good than if pronounced by the people themselves”. Centinnel 1 on the other hand disputes these arguments. He believes this type of representation will actually leave the legislative branch with too much liberty to act on their own passions and not make decisions for the common good. Over time both Madison and Centinnel has been proven correct. Our government, though slow to react to the passions of the people, has worked for the common good. In Engle v. Vitale the Supreme Court ruled against the Religious practices in public school because it goes against freedom of religion; regardless of the percentage of the population that supports Christianity. However, concerning Japanese Internment during World War II a majority of the nation was experiencing fear due to Pearl Harbor and the government made an unjust decision by placing Japanese-American citizens in internment camps. At the same time, I acknowledge this lapse in the government ruling in favor of the common good this is one occurrence in 200 years of being under the constitution, and is therefore less significant in the scheme of our history.
Another point made, by the Federalists that history has proven true is how checks and balances should be weighted by each branch. Part of this includes making sure each branch has “separate and distinct exercise of the different powers of government” so that each section has its own will and motives,