After my trip to the Minneapolis Institute of Arts, I chose the Virgin and Child in a Landscape (paintings | oil on panel, 41 1/4 x 34 1/4 in. (104.78 x 87 cm) (panel) 53 1/2 x 34 3/16 in. (135.89 x 86.84 cm) (outer frame), Europe, Netherlands 15th-16th century, c. 1492-1498). This framed piece was located in the European Art from early 1500-1600s section. Also the piece was marked with the other Early Netherlandish works of art. It is said that the artist was a painter or a group of painters called Master of the Embroidered Foliage (active 1480 – 1500). He/She/ or them was a Netherlandish painter or a group of painters that worked in and out of Bruges and Brussels. Historians argued even ‘til recently that this panel painting was a series of paintings by multiple artists due to the same and identical Virgin and Child figures used within different scenes and backgrounds. To begin with, the painting was originally an altarpiece used as a devotional image in a Christian and Early European Church. By the way, the subject matter in this work of art is focused on the Virgin who is Mary and the Child who is Jesus Christ. Also there is many other symbols that reflect the message of this popular scene where Christ is sitting upon Mary’s knee while she rests the bible on her other knee. These symbols were imposed into this work to reinforce the relations of the subject matter to the story it is trying to narrate to the viewer. First thing first, the piece is divided into three grounds; the foreground, middle, and background. Eyeing the foreground, The Virgin Mary is comfortably resting in the middle of the piece; appearing to be sitting on some sort of a throne or chair. Also a patterned thresh or rug conforms her feet that are layered behind her drape. Both the Virgin and the Child are placed and surrounded by a walled garden that differentiates from the middle and background landscape. This walled garden refers to the garden in the Bible’s Canticle of Canticles (also called the Song of Songs or Song of Solomon) 4:12, in Latin: "Hortus conclusus soror mea, sponsa, hortus conclusus, fons signatus" ("A garden enclosed is my sister, my spouse; a garden enclosed, a fountain sealed up." Coupled with the fact that in Early European/Dutch Art the sacred doctrine was to portray the Virgin Mary near a close garden/yard. Thus, it would illustrate her perpetual virginity that would be represented figuratively as her “enclosed womb” or “closed off womb”. Not to be excluded, the walled garden in the foreground is covered in flowering plants acting as symbols to also reveal the iconography of the Virgin Mary. The blue iris flower refers to the sorrows of the Virgin; specifically the blue color of the iris represents the fidelity of Mary. Its blade-shaped verdure symbolized the sorrows that would pierce the heart of Mary in Luke 2:35 – “and a sword will pierce through your own soul also…” Graceful violets in front of her allude to her humility and innocence as the Blessed Virgin Mary. As well, the strawberry plant symbolizes her righteousness as the blessed one and sacred one God chose. In Vincenzina Krymow’s Mary's Flowers in Legends, Gardens and Meditations, he states that the strawberry was called Fruitful Virgin and it was told that Mary would go a-berrying with her Son on St. John's Day, June 24. Also that any mother who had lost a child would not eat strawberries on that day for if she did, Mary would say to her child in heaven, "You must stand aside for your mother has eaten your share, and none remains for you." In addition to the walled garden and the flowering plants that symbolize the importance of the Virgin Mary is also the peacock sitting on the gate that encloses the garden. The peacock signifying paradise over the garden shifts the symbolism of her presence overall to her importance in the tales of purity to God and Annunciation. Krymow also acknowledges that in a passage
Albrecht Dürer - Four Apostles, Alte Pinakothek, Munich, Germany, ca. 1526
Alexandros of Antioch-on-the-Meander - Venus de Milo, Melos, Greece,ca. 150 BC
Andrea Mantegna - Dead Christ, Milan, Italy, 1501
Andrea Palladio - Villa Rotonda, Vicenza, Italy, 1570
Andrea Pozzo - Glorification of Saint Ignatius, ceiling fresco, Sant'Ignazio, Rome, 1691-1694
Angelica Kauffmann - Cornelia Presenting Her Children as Her Treasures
Annibale Carracci - Loves of the Gods, Ceiling frescoes, Palazzo…
degrees beyond) / Chemistry Building / 3rd Floor Marc Fasanella, PhD Art / Environmental Design • firstname.lastname@example.org
Visiting Professor of Environmental Art, Architecture & Design Sustainability Studies Program / Stony Brook University Office Hours: Monday / Wednesday 12:30-1:00 & by appointment Melville Library / Lower Level / West Entrance / Room W0513
Course Description: This course introduces the student to the history, design, language and evolution of western architecture from ancient…
LAFS AESTHETICS AND CULTURE
AESTHETICS AND CULTURE (3 credits)
PROFESSOR TARA GIANNINI
Aesthetics and the arts are central to our lives.
We surround ourselves with things based on our aesthetic preferences, from the automobiles we drive, the music to which we listen, the way we arrange our furniture, present ourselves, decorate our bodies and on and on. Each culture and sub-culture has its own set of aesthetics…
namely, the poetry of physics, is presented.
A short history of development of the ideas will be given so that students can relate to the ideas of physics that we are studying to their studies in other fields particularly those of a historical nature. Students are urged to read literature that corresponds to the period of physics we are studying. We shall also examine the impact of the physics on the humanities, such as philosophy, the arts, economics, politics, and sociology.
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Research Paper Assignment
An important task you must accomplish in this course is writing a research essay. To accomplish this task, we will spend several course hours discussing research essay formats and how to develop research questions/analytical statements. As part of this process, you will become more familiar with the library. Please pay careful attention to the instructions below as you begin the glorious process of research!
You must first go on…
An essay is generally a short piece of writing written from an author's personal point of view, but the definition is vague, overlapping with those of an article and a short story.
Essays can consist of a number of elements, including: literary criticism, political manifestos, learned arguments, observations of daily life, recollections, and reflections of the author. Almost all modern essays are written in prose, but works in verse have been dubbed essays (e.g. Alexander Pope's An Essay on Criticism…
Beowulf: Epic Hero Final Essay
The legendary hero Beowulf had great -- sometimes superhuman -- physical strength, incredible bravery and confidence, and he was protected by special armor and weapons. He was also accompanied by a loyal friend, Wiglaf, who assisted him when he needed help defeating the dragon. A hero had to have courage, strength, and the will to overcome obstacles. He had to be a good leader and a father figure to his followers. He would be merciless to enemies…
of the Arts:
Professor: Darius A. Spieth
Art History Program
LSU School of Art
Outline Lecture 1
Where to find answers
What is Art History?
A short history of the idea of
Where to find answers
Print out and Read the Syllabus! (It will answer
almost any question you might have)
Class materials will be posted on Moodle (This
includes Syllabus & my PowerPoint…