The Emancipation Proclamation introduced the Reconstruction Era, from 1865 to 1877.The purpose of Reconstruction was to repair the Southern states problems economically, socially and politically, as they were being readmitted to the country. Most of the Reconstruction programs were aimed at helping the South, many white Southerners resented the suggestion that their world needed to be reconstructed at all and fought against any changes imposed on them by Republicans, Reconstruction was not a welcomed effort for the southerners, and because many of the programs were aimed to also help African Americans
African Americans- with the end of slavery, it seemed like life in America was headed in the right direction. African Americans for the first five years after slavery seemed to be moving along and
Congress establishes the Freedmen's Bureau to protect the rights of newly emancipated blacks (March).
The Civil War ends (April 9).
Lincoln is assassinated (April 14).
The Ku Klux Klan is formed in Tennessee by ex-Confederates (May).
Slavery in the United States is effectively ended when 250,000 slaves in Texas finally receive the news that the Civil War had ended two months earlier (June 19).
Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution is ratified,