1. George Washington: * April 30, 1789 to March 3, 1797 * No formal political party affiliation * It can be argued that Washington aligned himself with members of the "Federalist Party", but he never ran for the presidency for any political party. Moreover, his farewell address warned of the dangers of political parties. * Believing that shaking hands was beneath a president, Washington bowed to his visitors. * Washington has the distinction of being the only president to be elected unanimously by the electoral college. * Washington had one remaining tooth at the time of his inauguration. During his lifetime he wore dentures made of human (some his own), cow, or hippopotamus teeth, ivory, or lead, but he never wore wooden teeth. * Many places are named after Washington including the nation's capital, the state, 31 counties and 17 communities. * The six white horses in Washington's stables had their teeth brushed every morning on Washington's orders. * The nation's capital was located in Philadelphia during Washington's administration making him the only president who didn't live in Washington, D.C. during his presidency
2. John Adams: * March 4, 1797 to March 3, 1801 * Federalist * Congress established Library of Congress * The Adams' were the first residents of the White House. They moved in in November 1800 while the paint was still wet. Mrs. Adams would hang her laundry in the East Room to dry. * Adams was one of three presidents not to attend the inauguration of his successor. Not only was Adams disappointed in losing to Jefferson, he was also grieving the death of his son Charles. * Adams was the great-great-grandson of John and Priscilla Alden, Pilgrims who landed at Plymouth Rock in 1620. * The only presidents to sign the Declaration of Independence Adams and Jefferson both died on its 50th anniversary, July 4, 1826. Adams' dying words were "Thomas Jefferson survives". Jefferson, however, had passed on a few hours earlier.
3. Thomas Jefferson: * March 4, 1801 to March 3, 1809 * Democratic-Republican * Slave importation outlawed. Yet, another 1/4 million brought in by 1860. * Jefferson was the first president to be inaugurated in Washington, D.C. * Approximately 6,000 books from Jefferson's private library were purchased for $23,950 to help start the Library of Congress. * Jefferson was right-handed, but taught himself to write with his left hand. * Bears brought back from Lewis and Clark's famous expedition were displayed in cages on the White House lawn. For years the White House was sometimes referred to as the "president's bear garden." * The only presidents to sign the Declaration of Independence, Adams and Jefferson both died on its 50th anniversary, July 4, 1826. Adams' dying words were "Thomas Jefferson survives". Jefferson, however, had passed on a few hours earlier. * Jefferson is credited with several inventions, including the swivel chair, a pedometer, a machine to make fiber from hemp, a letter-copying machine, and the lazy susan. * Jefferson wrote his own epitaph without mentioning that he served as president of the United States
4. James Madison * March 4, 1809 to March 3, 1817 * Democratic-Republican * War declared on England on June 18 after England continued to attack U.S. ships headed to France. * Madison was the first president who had prior service as a congressman. * Zachary Taylor and Madison were second cousins. * Madison was the first president to wear long trousers. All previous presidents wore knee breeches. * During the War of 1812 Madison was under enemy fire. He was the first president to be in that situation. * At 5 feet, 4 inches and less than 100 pounds, he was the shortest and lightest president. * Dolley Madison sent the first personal message using the Morse telegraph in 1844.