Elevate the site of bleeding, if possible to reduce the blood flow.
2. Do not attempt to clean the wound.
3. Apply steady, firm pressure directly to the wound using a sterile bandage, a clean cloth, or your hand. Maintain pressure until the bleeding stops, then wrap the wound with a tight dressing and secure it with adhesive tape. Most bleeding can be controlled this way. Call for emergency help immediately.
4. If the bleeding continues and seeps through the bandage, add more absorbent material. Do not remove the first bandage.
5. If the bleeding does not stop, apply pressure to the major artery that delivers blood to the area of the injury.
6. When the bleeding has stopped, immobilize the injured portion of the body. You can use another part of the body, such as a leg or torso, to immobilize the area. Leave the bandages in place and take the person for immediate medical attention or call for emergency help. Next let’s examine what to do if a person has suffered an electrical shock. A variety of symptoms appear in a person experiencing shock:
1. The skin may appear pale or gray, and is cool and clammy to the touch.
2. The heartbeat is weak and rapid, and breathing is slow and shallow. The blood pressure is reduced.
3. The eyes lack shine and seem to stare. Sometimes the pupils are dilated.
4. The person may be conscious or unconscious. If conscious, the person may faint or be very weak or confused. On the other