Before and even during the Civil War, a desire to educate blacks began to grow and become an important task throughout the nation. Sympathizers of the Union and preachers began the process of teaching uneducated slaves throughout the North. After the Civil War ended, many teachers headed south to teach the newly freedman. Among those that headed south there were three important men: John Ogden, Reverend Erastus Milo Cravath, and Reverend Edward P. Smith.1 John Ogden served in the Civil War as a second lieutenant in the Second Wisconsin Cavalry. While on duty in Tennessee, he was captured by Confederate forces and spent a few months in a prison camp. This however did not waiver his interest in the progression of black troops. After he was released and the war was over, he was appointed superintendent of education for the Freedman’s Bureau in Tennessee and in 1865 he took office with a headquarters in Nashville. Reverend Erastus Milo Cravath grew up in Homer, New York and was raised with an abolitionist family. During Cravath’s childhood, his father ran an underground railroad station where he housed many escaped fugitive slaves. He attended not one, but two antislavery abolitionist universities: New York Central College and Oberlin College. In 1857, he graduated from the latter of the two, where he had completed the theological seminary program. The time between graduation and the start of the war, he served as Berlin Heights Ohio Congregational Church. Eventually he would leave this position and enlist as chaplain to the 101st Regiment of Ohio Volunteers. While serving as chaplain, Reverend Cravath saw first hand the need freedman had for more education in the south and decided to take action after the war’s end. Staying true to his decision, Cravath accepted the position of field secretary of the American Missionary Association in 1865. The AMA was one of the most prominent societies engaged in the education of freedman. The American Missionary Association is where Reverend Erastus Milo Cravath and Reverend Edward P. Smith paths crossed. Smith was the district secretary of the newly formed Middle West Department of the American Missionary Association at Cincinnati. The two men were appointed the task to establish an elementary school for blacks in Nashville. After surveying the city, the men decided that there was more room for growth than just a new elementary school; the visualization for a university for freedman began to form. The man to help grow these plans was non other than Superintendent of Education, John Ogden. The three men all agreed that Nashville was an exceptional location to open up a successful and thriving school. The population then consisted of 16,988 citizens, of which 3,945 of those were black.2 The well sized black community that existed and the central location to surrounding border states pushed Ogden to quickly agree to enlist aid from the Freedman’s Bureau. Scouting for suitable land for which to build the school started promptly there after. There was an array of money issues before the school had even started. The three men had much difficulty finding owners that would sell them land for their intended purposes; when they did find owners that would sell, the land in many cases would be too expensive or in the wrong location. After much searching, the men learned that the Union hospital in TN would soon be given up by the government and quickly became an option for school grounds. However, the total price of just the land was 16,000 with 25 percent down which greatly exceeded their budget. This did not foil the men’s plan and they pledged to raise the money needed. The first of four annual installments was raised by Ogden, Cravath, and Smith. The American Missionary Association and the Western Freedmen’s Aid Commission paid the second and fourth installment, while the Freedmen’s Bureau held up their vow to aid and paid the third. Finally the land was theirs. Finally the men had the…
American University Essay – 1 of 2 Draft # 3
American University provides its students the freedom to pursue majors and minors within and across the different schools and colleges of the University. In no more than two paragraphs, discuss your academic goals and how American University would help you achieve them. (250 word limit - no minimum)
Musical theater is everything to me. It helps me escape from the woes of reality. I can express myself through characters, and find a second family to share…
Running Head: PREJUDICE
Prejudice is customarily subtle and stereotyped decisions and treatment is not always deliberate. In its common literal sense, prejudice is prejudging without having sufficiently evaluated one’s own reasoning. Because diverging philosophies of prejudice fluctuate, it is important to discern how subjective principles influence our ideals. Prejudice is largely due to our own egotistic philosophies and blind confidence…
注册人数 2012秋季录取率 新生保留率 6年毕业率
1 Princeton University Princeton, NJ $40,170 8,010 7.9% 98% 96%
2 Harvard University Cambridge, MA $42,292 19,726 6.1% 98% 97%
3 Yale University New Haven, CT $44,000 11,906 7.1% 99% 96%
4 Columbia University New York, NY $49,138 23,168 7.4% 99% 97%
5 Stanford University Stanford, CA $43,245 18,217 6.6% 98% 95%
5 University of Chicago Chicago, IL $46,386 12,508 13.2% 99% 92%
7 Duke University Durham, NC $45,476 15,386 13.4% 97% 95%…
The American Medical Association holds that active euthanasia is impermissible, due to it involving the intentional termination of a human life by another human. Philosophers have argued for and against this stance, discussing the moral permissibility of such an action. James Rachels, a well-known contemporary philosopher, argues that active and passive euthanasia both require an action by the doctor. Thomas D. Sullivan combats Rachels’ view by looking into the moral significance of the intention…
Name: Vinh Nguyen
Directions: Answer the following questions.
1. URL address: http://www.americanhumane.org/children/stop-child-abuse/
2. Name of web page: American Humane Association
3. Is this web page sponsored by an organization? If so, name the organization.
Sponsored by BBB, Charity Navigator, Best America, Animal Charities of America, CFC, and Partners for Healthy Pets.
4. Who would benefit from the website…
Application of Leadership
MGT 460 Leadership Priorities & Practice
Dr. Bari Courts
July 29, 2013
Case Study of Personal and Organizational Ethics and Values between For-profit and Not-for-Profit Organizations
The American Lung Association (ALA) is a non-profit organization that promotes healthy lungs and healthy air. They offer free counseling for individuals who want to quit smoking. They advocate for clean air laws. They are involved in searching for cures for lung diseases. The…
and Universities for African Americans
Historically black colleges and universities (HBCUs) have come a long way in African American history. The hunger of education by African Americans started in the early 1800s; these campuses have grown to universities and have made astounding contributions to American society. HBCUs should be given credit for the countless number of experts who now shape our society. HBCUs have achieved by educating African Americans easier and giving black Americans a very…
Title: Turn Your Organization into a "Talent Magnet"
Article Source: American Management Association
Article Summarization: A “talent magnet” is not much if employers do not back up their talented employees with more than just money. The company offers competitive pay and good benefits to gain and attempt to keep employees, but is not enough for the employees is doing very poorly in reducing turnover. Successful companies have employees who pride themselves in…