October 29, 2012
These pictures are all to do with racial segregation cases in the United States Supreme Court.
1.) The picture of the National Archives building – Destiny Pediment, is the U.S. Supreme Court building in Washington D.C. where all of these cases took place.
2.) The picture with the 12 on it stands for when the Civil Rights Act was passed. The Civil Rights Act was passed TWICE, which mandated an end to racial segregation in public accommodations. In 1875, the Civil Rights Act was struck down by the Supreme Court during the Civil Rights Cases ruling in 1883. It was finally passed in 1964.
3.) The picture with the number 14 I believe has to do with the court case Dred Scott vs. Sandford. Dred Scott was an African American slave that petitioned the U.S. Supreme Court for his freedom. They ruled the Bill of Rights did not apply to African Americans, so he lost his case, but when the 14th amendment came along, it made it the law.
4.) The picture with Louisiana Railroad on it, I believe to have to do with the Supreme Court case Plessy vs. Ferguson. It started out as the Plessy vs. The State of Louisiana case due to the Separate Car Act on the railroads. Plessy was taken off of the first class car, that he paid to be on, and forced into a blacks-only car. Going to the U.S. Supreme Court, he argued that his rights under the 13th and 14th amendment were violated. Plessy lost due to the court ruling no rights were violated,