Essay about Franklin Delano Roosevelt

Submitted By 345949
Words: 1706
Pages: 7

Hopes and Admiration to a Country During its years of existence, The United States of America had seen 42 presidents governing its citizens and created policies, amendment and laws which they have lived by. But in 1933, a man with views and a character different than his predecessors won the trust of millions of Americans who at one point had no hopes, and a future seemed unclear. His name was Franklin D. Roosevelt, a man whose willingness to build the economy of his country as the most powerful nation, brought admiration not only among his fellow American citizens, but the rest of the world. Franklin Roosevelt was born on January 30, 1882 in Hyde Park, New York. Franklin's father, James Roosevelt, married Sara Delano (Franklin's mother) in 1880 several years after his first wife had died. Sara had been only 26 at the time of the marriage while James had been 52. They had a happy marriage until James died in 1900. Franklin was then treated as the only child his parents sheltered and spoiled him. Franklin Roosevelt was home schooled by governesses and tutors until he was fourteen years old. He then attended Groton School in Massachusetts between 1896 and 1900. Franklin's academic record was average and he did not excel at sports either. Franklin then went on to attend Harvard until 1904. His academic record was again average but he finished his B.A. in three years. During his fourth year at Harvard he was editor of the college newspaper. Franklin was never very motivated about school. In 1921 when vacationing in Campobello Island Franklin Roosevelt contracted Polio which is a viral infection which caused him to be completely paralyzed from the waist down. Roosevelt refused to accept that he was paralyzed and thus attended many treatments and therapies but they never claimed to work. At the time, Roosevelt was able to convince many people that he was getting better, which he believed was essential if he wanted to run for office. Fitting his hips and legs with iron braces, he laboriously taught himself to walk a short distance by swiveling his torso while supporting himself with a cane. In private he used a wheelchair but he was careful never to be seen in it in public. By 1932 Franklin Roosevelt had climbed the political ladder and was nominated as a democratic candidate in the 1932 election. He received fifty-seven percent of the votes and carried all but six states. To most people Roosevelt was an alternative to President Hoover who many blamed for the great depression. He brought hope to the people when he promised prompt, vigorous action, and asserted in his Inaugural Address, "the only thing we have to fear is fear itself”. The main drive of Roosevelt's administration was toward a balance of economic interests. Roosevelt became president at the depth of the Great Depression. The country was a wreck with a fourth unemployed, two million homeless, and industrial production had fallen more than half since 1929. During his first term Roosevelt implemented many orders and acts to help the country. Roosevelt’s first task in office was to restore confidence in the people, and fix the financial problems, so he started by declaring a national bank holiday and pushed through the Emergency Banking Act. In addition to this, he took the nation off of the gold standard that it was on, and passed numerous acts dealing with the Federal Reserve and the stock exchanges to prevent a future crash in the economy. FDR also established Social Security which gave economic security to the elderly, poor, and the sick. Roosevelt's main goal was to restore popular confidence. During the late 1920s, the price of agricultural products dropped significantly because farmers were simply not able to sell enough crops. They could barely pay for their own food, which means that they had no way to pay for mortgage and other costs. In…