1. Causes of the French May Revolt 1.1 Work Conditions and New Class The working conditions of the French people in the 1960’s are nothing short of deplorable. While France and its citizens at first glimpse were seen as a strong force in economic and living standards, this did not reign true upon further examination. In 1967, “eighty percent of the working class earned under $3,000, and the work week averaged 46 hours” (Foran, p. 2). Furthermore, not only as a whole did about one-fourth of families have severely crowded housing conditions, but in rural areas “one-fourth of all houses lacked running water, and half of all French homes had no bathtub, shower, or inside toilet (Foran, p.2; Singer 1971, 84-85, 87). This evidence suggests that French citizens were not being treated with basic humane standards, resulting in making the private sphere of their lives something that they were not proud of. Amidst this, internal problems began to surface with skilled and educated groups of professions such as engineers or technicians (Foran, p.2). This new class began to feel that they were being robbed of any freedoms at work because their supervisors pretty much had absolute power to what they would end up researching, teaching, or technologically develop (2). They eventually began to feel so fed up with their supervisor’s puppeteering that they knew they needed a change. This led them to have discussions of self-management that ultimately ended up with a list of demands for rights that would affect their everyday lives (Foran, p.2; Poster 1975). These discussions of rights and injustices are significant because it was the initial spark of the French May Revolt in the sense that it brought upon a new style of thinking against traditional ideas (Foran, p.3). 1.2 Schooling and student groups. The massive increase in the size of the French university system indirectly attributed greatly to the cause of the French May revolt. In fact, the institution had “tripled in size between 1958 and 1968, from 175,000 to 600,000…” (Foran, p. 3). One of the problems with the university system was that “half of the unemployed in France were students looking for their first job” (3). This caused tension with students who believed they would find a job with their education, especially because the test to gain entry to the university was so cutthroat and demanding (3). In 1968, a small group of students and a number of professors from the sociology department of the University of Nanterre argued that sociology degrees would almost mean nothing because they were in a technocratic university and society (p. 3-4). A technocracy is “A form of government in which scientists and technical experts are in control” (Princeton 2012). This small student group acknowledged that this needed to change and they began to question their professors on why they would not teach certain things by disrupting class and distributing petitions (5). Their wild outbursts started to garner attention among their peers and one could almost taste the change in the air. “We want to change society, blow up its structures,”(quoted in Labro 1969, 39; see also 43) exclaimed Daniel Cohn-Bendit, the self-proclaimed anarchist that was also a third year sociology student (Foran, p. 5-6). And from the looks of things, a student group revolution was beginning. In March, the unruly remarks in the classrooms began to create a social movement when a spontaneous student protest occurred against the arrests of students who vandalized an American Express branch (Foran, p. 6; Labro 1969, 81). These student protestors devised a plan where they would “occupy an administration building, and establish groups to discuss class, imperialism, culture, Vietnam, and student-worker problems” (Foran, p. 6). March 22, 1968 illustrates the beginning of the French May Revolt because it is the birth of their participatory democracy that catapults the movement exponentially. In April, the March 22…
The French Revolution
Tennis Court Oath- June 20, 1789. Third Estate Delegates were locked out of there meeting room. They broke down a door to an indoor tennis court pledging to stay until they had made a new constitution
Storming of Bastille- July 14, 1789. State prison was attacked by a angry mob, the prison was a symbol of monarch rule. The storming of Bastille set the tone for the French Revolution.
Great Fear and the peasant revolt- July 19- August 3, 1789. Wide-spread panic among the…
Research the Bar-Kokhba revolt of A.D 132-136. Write two paragraphs, one explaining the causes of the revolt, and the other describing the outcomes.
During around 132 A.D, a man going by the name of Simon Bar-Kokhba started a Jewish rebellion against Roman rule. It all began because of the Roman emperor, Hadrian. While Hadrian was sympathetic to the fact that the Jews were always being in captivity, he still had certain demands for the Jewish people. Hadrian allowed the Jews to return to Jerusalem…
The French Revolution
The French Revolution was a period of social and political chaos in France that lasted from 1789 until 1799.Many historians still argue on what caused the French Revolution but no one can pin point what exactly caused this chaotic mess called the French Revolution. There is no one factor that could be the blame for this chaos but one of the many reasons that caused the French revolution was the years of feudal oppressions and fiscal mismanagement that led French society to…
May 5, 1789 Louis XVI summons Estates-General for its first meeting since 1614
June 17 Third Estate breaks away from Estates-General, establishes itself as National Assembly
Jacques Necker - Director general of finance who returned to office after Calonne’s dismissal
Emmanuel-Joseph Sieyès - Author of influential “What Is the Third Estate?” pamphlet, which influenced the Third Estate to break off from the Estates-General
Necker and the Estates-General…
Before the French Revolution, France was divided into three groups, or estates with their own status and role to play in the country. The First Estate involved religious people in the country. The Second Estate involved all the nobles. These two estates had many privileges, and were the wealthiest group, but were only a small piece of the entire population. The Third Estate was everyone else in the country: the peasants, poor city dwellers, and…
3 September 2014
I’ve studied the French Revolution so much in high school and college that, at least in my mind, it has taken on a certain degree of inevitability. The causes – mass poverty, an ineffectual and absent monarchy, the Enlightenment – seem obvious. Given the conflation of these factors, the revolution should not come as a surprise to anyone.
But was the prospect of the French Revolution as obvious to its contemporaries as it is to us…
The Pueblo revolt started in 1680 and was also known as Pope’s Rebellion, when Pueblo rebelled against the Spanish in the southwest America (Countryman 2009). The pueblo revolt started after the Spanish people overlook and mistreated the Pueblo’s people. “Spaniards had dominated them, their lives, their land, and their souls for eight decades” (Countryman 2009). Spanish people had sovereignty over the Pueblo’s people. The Spanish rule was relentless during those years and they demanded…
Peasant Revolt DBQ
Between 1524 and 1526, Europe experienced one of the the greatest peasant
revolts of all time. These relentless revolts took place in the Holy Roman Empire, more
specifically the Germanic States. The conflict
began with a petition made to the Holy
Roman Emperor on behalf of some German peasants in 1524. The petition was called
the Twelve Articles which was designed to relieve some of the oppressions that the
German peasants were facing. The peasant revolts in the Germanic states were bound…
Jonathan Weiss 11/25 Moscow-French Revolution essay
What where the three main causes that lead to the French Revolution?
The French Revolution, The Result Of King Louis Presence as a Monarch
King Louis XVI ruled France from 1774 until 1793 taking on many different
positions between being an absolute monarch, to sharing power with others such as the
Jacobins Club. Although many wealthy citizens adored Louis for how he ruled France,
the majority tended to loathe him due to his common tendencies of…
Analysis of "Revolt of Mother'"
In Mary Wilkins Freeman's "The Revolt of Mother'" Mother is the typical woman of the late 1890s, who was brought up to be subservient to men, as was common during the era. America was a completely patriarchal society at the end of the nineteenth century. Women had always been perceived as lesser beings than men; women were thought to be less intelligent, weaker, and generally less important than men. "The Revolt of Mother'" was written just around the time…