Scientific successes throughout the 1700’s eventually convinced Europeans of the power of human reason. This revolution in peoples’ thinking, known as the Enlightenment, led people to believe that the use of reason could solve any social, political, or economical problem on Earth. People like Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, and Baron de Montesquieu came about and spread new Enlightenment ideas. Montesquieu specifically praised Britain’s limited monarchy and supported three branches of government. People who believed reason could lead to a better society were known as philosophes, and created different ideas for a better government, education, and economy, and more. As a result of this revolutionary mindset during the Enlightenment, many Europeans began seriously questioning the community around them. As ideas spread like wild-fire, more and more people began demanding reforms, more specifically in the economy. Because Louis XIV left France in large debt, and a bad harvest struck the country in the late 1780’s, a financial crisis was almost inevitable. Louis XIV’s heirs were not adequate leaders and did nothing to aid the economy. The economic situation only worsened and people demanded for reforms like fairer taxes. The king refused to support the National Assembly, which represented the majority of the French population, and Parisians finally decided to take action in Versailles. Rumors that royal troops planned on occupying Paris led to more than 800 Parisians storming the Bastille fort in search of weapons. The violent storming of the Bastille, caused by a vast demand for reforms in France, sparked the French Revolution. With more power than ever before, the National Assembly began to take action. In late August it took the first step toward writing a constitution and issued the Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen, which declared that all men were “born and remain free and equal in rights.” Eventually a constitution was written in 1791, which set up a limited monarchy. A Legislative Assembly had power to make laws and decide on war issues. Radicals who wanted even more reform took control of the Assembly, though, and voted on suffrage. They wanted to declare France a republic and abolish the monarchy completely. The Reign of Terror then ensued in which radicals defended the
Aristocratic, social, and political system established in France before the French Revolution
Clergy (First estate)
10% of land
“voluntary gift” instead of taxes every 5 years
Nobles (Second estate)
Descendants of “those who found” in Middle Ages
25% of land
Rights to hunt and fish
Commoners (Third estate)
Vast majority peasants, rural agricultural workers, urban artisans, unskilled day laborers
Tension between nobility and bourgeoisie (upper…
Enslaved people had resisted the trade since it began. However French revolution introduced ideas of liberty and equality and abolishes slavery during the revolution shows support to the revolt slaves. It is possible that France wants the slaves to rebel the slave masters and become the pro France state is the rebel success. One of the examples is Toussaint l'Ouverture who fought against British and Spanish army for freedom in Saint-Domingue and took control over the island.
Cost to maintain slave…
Between the years 1789 and 1799, it was a period of change and revolt for the French people. A lot of changes occurred during these years because people showed their disagreement with the way the power was divided in France. Therefore, those ten years were a time of change for this people. This essay will discuss the causes and the stages of the French revolution.
In the first place, there are three main causes for the French revolution. The first one is the social inequality…
Causes of the French Revolution
Written by: Michelle Yang
Edited by: Emily Day
While Louis XVI held power before the French Revolution, his grasp on the French people rapidly weakened with news of the American Revolution. Although France had been known as the country of “absolute monarchy,” when the Americans succeeded in breaking away from the British crown, the French society brought up their own revolution.
France’s luxurious spending on top of its war debt enraged the overtaxed citizens…
Honors World History 9 P0
14 January 2015
DBQ: Causes of the French Revolution
Why do people get unhappy about the government and rebel? In the case of the French Revolution of 1789, there were several reasons why the French citizens weren’t happy about the government. Three of the main reasons consist of unfair taxation, unfair land distribution, and prices of bread.
France during that time period had 3 estates. The first estate consisted of the clergy. The second one consisted…
Cause of the French Revolution.
The monarchy was the cause that contributed the most to the starting of the French Revolution. The King did not enforce his power so France fell into debt and poverty. France went bankrupt in 1789 at the fault of the Monarchy. However there were two other components that contributed to the French Revolution, firstly, the economy was so bad that buying a loaf of bread took up 75% of the money that was earned by the people of France…
(and therefore how bankrupt the country actually was) government was so chaotic that 'budget' was a term unknown to French officials, and Louis' government ended up in a deficit spiral (where the interest on loan repayments is greater than tax revenue) which in turn led to even high taxes. Economic mismanagement meant that people went hungry- and as Lefebvre famously argues, the revolution began with the hungry peasants of the north. added to this economic mismanagement was Louis' image problem. Whilst…
P. 5 Fominaya
WHAT LED TO IT…
King Louis XVI (1754-1793) and his luxurious expenses
with extravagant purchases + France’s involvement in
the American Revolution = bankruptcy
Wheat and grain could not grow and cattle were plagued
Prices for food increased significantly making them
unobtainable to peasants and urban poor.
Meanwhile the King and his court were fattening
themselves and eating well.
Heavy taxes were imposed and rioting began…
The French Revolution
The French Revolution was a period of social and political chaos in France that lasted from 1789 until 1799.Many historians still argue on what caused the French Revolution but no one can pin point what exactly caused this chaotic mess called the French Revolution. There is no one factor that could be the blame for this chaos but one of the many reasons that caused the French revolution was the years of feudal oppressions and fiscal mismanagement that led French society to revolt…
Before the French Revolution, France was divided into three groups, or estates with their own status and role to play in the country. The First Estate involved religious people in the country. The Second Estate involved all the nobles. These two estates had many privileges, and were the wealthiest group, but were only a small piece of the entire population. The Third Estate was everyone else in the country: the peasants, poor city dwellers, and the…