Causes of the French Revolution Between 1787 and 1789 the middle and lower class citizens of France revolted against their government, causing the French revolution. The three main causes of this revolt were unequal taxes amongst the people,the amount of land each estate held, and ideas inspired from American independence. During these years the people wanted justice for themselves. Their overall goal was to create righteousness between social classes. This revolution resulted in a constitutional government. Injustice arose when the French government started unfairly taxing the citizens of France. In the south, there was a taille (tax on the land and its produce). There was unfairness in levying the amount of tax each person should have to pay. The land owned by the nobility was taxed very little, while the common peoples taxes where outrageously priced. These High taxes ensured that the middle class wouldn’t have surplus money for necessities, such as food. The Third Estate (98% of France) at this time forced the estates general to make sure the taille be borne equally by all classes. As the middle class spoke up they were able to provide themselves with the justice they deserved. The three estates in France at the time of the revolution were the First Estate (the clergy), Second Estate (the nobles), and the Third Estate (middle and lower class citizens). The First Estate was only 1% of the French population, and they owned 10% of the land. The Second Estate which was 2% of the people owned 35% of the land. The Third estate which was made up with 97% of the people owned only 55% of the land. Third Estate members were unhappy with the land distribution at this time. They didn’t understand why the minority of the people got the majority of the land. The land of pre revolutionary France was clearly not fairly divided, and the third estate wanted to rid France of these poor conditions. The American Independence sparked the Third Estate’s ideas to revolt against their government. As these citizens learned about the American’s Declaration
Aristocratic, social, and political system established in France before the French Revolution
Clergy (First estate)
10% of land
“voluntary gift” instead of taxes every 5 years
Nobles (Second estate)
Descendants of “those who found” in Middle Ages
25% of land
Rights to hunt and fish
Commoners (Third estate)
Vast majority peasants, rural agricultural workers, urban artisans, unskilled day laborers
Tension between nobility and bourgeoisie (upper…
Enslaved people had resisted the trade since it began. However French revolution introduced ideas of liberty and equality and abolishes slavery during the revolution shows support to the revolt slaves. It is possible that France wants the slaves to rebel the slave masters and become the pro France state is the rebel success. One of the examples is Toussaint l'Ouverture who fought against British and Spanish army for freedom in Saint-Domingue and took control over the island.
Cost to maintain slave…
Jonathan Weiss 11/25 Moscow-French Revolution essay
What where the three main causes that lead to the French Revolution?
The French Revolution, The Result Of King Louis Presence as a Monarch
King Louis XVI ruled France from 1774 until 1793 taking on many different
positions between being an absolute monarch, to sharing power with others such as the
Jacobins Club. Although many wealthy citizens adored Louis for how he ruled France,
the majority tended to loathe him due to his common tendencies of…
Honors World History 9 P0
14 January 2015
DBQ: Causes of the French Revolution
Why do people get unhappy about the government and rebel? In the case of the French Revolution of 1789, there were several reasons why the French citizens weren’t happy about the government. Three of the main reasons consist of unfair taxation, unfair land distribution, and prices of bread.
France during that time period had 3 estates. The first estate consisted of the clergy. The second one consisted…
French and American Revolution
In 1775, war broke out between the British and the American colonist. By 1776, the colonist declared themselves independent. In1783, following a prolonged and bloody war, the British was forced to recognize the United States was an independent country. The differences between the British and the rebellious Americans concerned the political authority. Prior to the Stamp Act crisis British authority ,rarely asserted, they rested on ties of their loyalty, affection,…
The French Revolution
There are a numerous causes for a collapse in government. The end of Louis XVI’s government in France was brought by a political revolution. The French Revolution was the basis of significant change in France.
Many historical circumstances led up to the French Revolution. Enlightenment Era philosophers such as Locke and Baron De Montesquieu helped facilitate the spread of ideas that people have natural rights and that traditional authority can be challenged. The French were…
The French Revolution’s Social Affairs
What does it mean to revolt, what does it mean to start a Revolution. A revolt is a rise of rebellion, actions that are taken to gain freedom. A revolution well that is the whole package the revolt to an extreme level, unstoppable violence until the freedom is gained. Revolutions usually start due to years of injustice and no independence. Many countries had revolutions due to unfair conditions and laws, the revolutions that will always be…
Between the years 1789 and 1799, it was a period of change and revolt for the French people. A lot of changes occurred during these years because people showed their disagreement with the way the power was divided in France. Therefore, those ten years were a time of change for this people. This essay will discuss the causes and the stages of the French revolution.
In the first place, there are three main causes for the French revolution. The first one is the social inequality…
a ten-year stint as director general of finance. After assessing the situation, Necker insisted that Louis XVI call together the Estates-General, a French congress that originated in the medieval period and consisted of three estates. The First Estate was the clergy, the Second Estate the nobility, and the Third Estate effectively the rest of French society.
On May 5, 1789, Louis XVI convened the Estates-General. Almost immediately, it became apparent that this archaic arrangement—the…
Causes of the French Revolution
Written by: Michelle Yang
Edited by: Emily Day
While Louis XVI held power before the French Revolution, his grasp on the French people rapidly weakened with news of the American Revolution. Although France had been known as the country of “absolute monarchy,” when the Americans succeeded in breaking away from the British crown, the French society brought up their own revolution.
France’s luxurious spending on top of its war debt enraged the overtaxed citizens…