Causes of the French Revolution Between 1787 and 1789 the middle and lower class citizens of France revolted against their government, causing the French revolution. The three main causes of this revolt were unequal taxes amongst the people,the amount of land each estate held, and ideas inspired from American independence. During these years the people wanted justice for themselves. Their overall goal was to create righteousness between social classes. This revolution resulted in a constitutional government. Injustice arose when the French government started unfairly taxing the citizens of France. In the south, there was a taille (tax on the land and its produce). There was unfairness in levying the amount of tax each person should have to pay. The land owned by the nobility was taxed very little, while the common peoples taxes where outrageously priced. These High taxes ensured that the middle class wouldn’t have surplus money for necessities, such as food. The Third Estate (98% of France) at this time forced the estates general to make sure the taille be borne equally by all classes. As the middle class spoke up they were able to provide themselves with the justice they deserved. The three estates in France at the time of the revolution were the First Estate (the clergy), Second Estate (the nobles), and the Third Estate (middle and lower class citizens). The First Estate was only 1% of the French population, and they owned 10% of the land. The Second Estate which was 2% of the people owned 35% of the land. The Third estate which was made up with 97% of the people owned only 55% of the land. Third Estate members were unhappy with the land distribution at this time. They didn’t understand why the minority of the people got the majority of the land. The land of pre revolutionary France was clearly not fairly divided, and the third estate wanted to rid France of these poor conditions. The American Independence sparked the Third Estate’s ideas to revolt against their government. As these citizens learned about the American’s Declaration
Aristocratic, social, and political system established in France before the French Revolution
Clergy (First estate)
10% of land
“voluntary gift” instead of taxes every 5 years
Nobles (Second estate)
Descendants of “those who found” in Middle Ages
25% of land
Rights to hunt and fish
Commoners (Third estate)
Vast majority peasants, rural agricultural workers, urban artisans, unskilled day laborers
Tension between nobility and bourgeoisie (upper…
Enslaved people had resisted the trade since it began. However French revolution introduced ideas of liberty and equality and abolishes slavery during the revolution shows support to the revolt slaves. It is possible that France wants the slaves to rebel the slave masters and become the pro France state is the rebel success. One of the examples is Toussaint l'Ouverture who fought against British and Spanish army for freedom in Saint-Domingue and took control over the island.
Cost to maintain slave…
Honors World History 9 P0
14 January 2015
DBQ: Causes of the French Revolution
Why do people get unhappy about the government and rebel? In the case of the French Revolution of 1789, there were several reasons why the French citizens weren’t happy about the government. Three of the main reasons consist of unfair taxation, unfair land distribution, and prices of bread.
France during that time period had 3 estates. The first estate consisted of the clergy. The second one consisted…
Cause of the French Revolution.
The monarchy was the cause that contributed the most to the starting of the French Revolution. The King did not enforce his power so France fell into debt and poverty. France went bankrupt in 1789 at the fault of the Monarchy. However there were two other components that contributed to the French Revolution, firstly, the economy was so bad that buying a loaf of bread took up 75% of the money that was earned by the people of France…
Between the years 1789 and 1799, it was a period of change and revolt for the French people. A lot of changes occurred during these years because people showed their disagreement with the way the power was divided in France. Therefore, those ten years were a time of change for this people. This essay will discuss the causes and the stages of the French revolution.
In the first place, there are three main causes for the French revolution. The first one is the social inequality…
Causes of the French Revolution
Written by: Michelle Yang
Edited by: Emily Day
While Louis XVI held power before the French Revolution, his grasp on the French people rapidly weakened with news of the American Revolution. Although France had been known as the country of “absolute monarchy,” when the Americans succeeded in breaking away from the British crown, the French society brought up their own revolution.
France’s luxurious spending on top of its war debt enraged the overtaxed citizens…
(and therefore how bankrupt the country actually was) government was so chaotic that 'budget' was a term unknown to French officials, and Louis' government ended up in a deficit spiral (where the interest on loan repayments is greater than tax revenue) which in turn led to even high taxes. Economic mismanagement meant that people went hungry- and as Lefebvre famously argues, the revolution began with the hungry peasants of the north. added to this economic mismanagement was Louis' image problem. Whilst…
P. 5 Fominaya
WHAT LED TO IT…
King Louis XVI (1754-1793) and his luxurious expenses
with extravagant purchases + France’s involvement in
the American Revolution = bankruptcy
Wheat and grain could not grow and cattle were plagued
Prices for food increased significantly making them
unobtainable to peasants and urban poor.
Meanwhile the King and his court were fattening
themselves and eating well.
Heavy taxes were imposed and rioting began…
The French Revolution
The French Revolution was a period of social and political chaos in France that lasted from 1789 until 1799.Many historians still argue on what caused the French Revolution but no one can pin point what exactly caused this chaotic mess called the French Revolution. There is no one factor that could be the blame for this chaos but one of the many reasons that caused the French revolution was the years of feudal oppressions and fiscal mismanagement that led French society to revolt…
Before the French Revolution, France was divided into three groups, or estates with their own status and role to play in the country. The First Estate involved religious people in the country. The Second Estate involved all the nobles. These two estates had many privileges, and were the wealthiest group, but were only a small piece of the entire population. The Third Estate was everyone else in the country: the peasants, poor city dwellers, and the…