Rosa E. Sauer
February 6, 2015
Functional Role of a Manager
Managers play a very important role in any business organization. The functions of each manager can vary depending on their set goals needed for their team to achieve success in meeting their goal. Manager’s functions include four important aspects, to plan, organize, lead and control. While these four functions may seem easy for any manager, it often requires in depth thought and research toward using these functions to keep any business sustainable. Here you can read about these four functions and how each plays an important role for management today.
How often do we as people plan out our daily lives, at home as well as in our businesses? Being a full time Mommy, had lead me to believe that planning is most important as manager of my family, and my children thrive on a well-planned out routine. Same thing applies to any place of business. Setting specific goals for any job is very important for the success of the business and the project assigned. Getting together and identifying the set goals, the strategies toward accomplishing these goals and coordinating them to best fit the team is all part of a managers role for achieving a successful goal.
Planning can include various types of outlooks. Looking ahead and planning is key for managers to best decide what course of actions to take in order to perform their managerial function and achieve their set goals. Managers should begin planning by setting goals and objectives. What is planning? “Planning involves defining the organizations goals, establishing strategies for achieving those goals, and developing plans to integrate and coordinate work activities” (Robbins & Coulter, 2012, p. 10). Planning helps to determine and coordinate where to begin working on the set goals.
Once a plan is set in motion, organizing is the next function of a manager’s role in their responsibilities. Organizing is also a key element toward meeting any goal set by a manager. According to Robbins and Coulter (2012); the purpose of organizing includes: dividing specific jobs and departments and assigns the tasks and responsibilities with each individual job. Organizing is an important part of the management role. Organizing who will perform which job function is important toward meeting the set goal. Who and how the job is done with the specific tasks and responsibilities are needed toward accomplishing the common goal that a manager has set for their team.
Organization is an important strategy that a manager must consider when determining how to distribute the work load, and carrying out the initial plan. “Without organizing, departments and individuals might work at cross-purposes and prevent the organization from efficiently achieving its goals” (Robbins & Coulter, 2012, p. 10).
How a manager leads their employees is important towards getting closer to meeting their goals. Managers typically have a group of people that they supervise. Leading them can be a challenging task, it requires motivating and engaging their employees to help them best meet their objectives individually as well as a team. Leading a team to reach a set goal takes conceptual skills, human skills and technical skills (Robbins & Coulter, 2012). Leading a team of people who have one common goal to reach requires managers to communicate effectively with their team. Keeping the group informed of common goal objectives. Leadership plays a key role in management, leading helps to ensure that things are getting done.
Leadership also includes understanding when and how to use authority. Understanding such power between managers and front line employees, and not abusing this power can motivate a team for good outcomes. “Increasingly, we live in a world where good management requires good leaders and leadership” (Carpenter, Bauer, & Erdogan, 2010, "1.3 Leadership,