Functions Of The Musculoskeletal System

Submitted By samhatch
Words: 2755
Pages: 12

56007000-8001000Edexcel Level 2
BTEC Extended Certificate in Sport
South Dartmoor Community CollegeUNIT 4 Anatomy and Physiology for Sport
Musculoskeletal System
Assignment 1 of 2
Assignment issued:Deadline for completion:
You need to complete the following tasks in order to complete:
P1Describe the structure and function of the skeleton
P2Describe the different types of joint and the movements allowed at each
P3Identify the major muscles of the body
P4Describe the different types of muscle and muscle movements
M1Explain the movements occurring at two synovial joints during four different types of activity.
M2Give examples of three different types of muscle contraction relating to three different types of physical activity.
D1Analyse the musculoskeletal actions occurring at 4 synovial joints during four different types of physical activity.
Scenario
You have been commissioned to produce a PE booklet to introduce the new Year 7 pupils to the musculoskeletal system, its structure, function and movement at joints.
TASK 1
Produce a diagram of the skeleton, naming the major bones.
Identify the different regions of the vertebral column and describe the function of each region.
Describe the five functions of the skeleton. (P1)
Describe the different classification of joints in the body
Identify the different types of synovial joints, their structure, function/including the range of movement possible at each.
Use two sporting actions to help explain movement
Example: Striking a football (P2)
TASK 2
Label a diagram of the major muscles of the human body. (P3)
B) Describe different Types of Muscle in the Body (P4)
TASK 3
Complete the table identifying the movement occurring at the synovial joints arrowed. (M1)
In the 4 sporting actions state the muscular contractions taking place. (M2)
Analyse the 4 sporting movements, stating, the actions occurring and the contractions that are necessary. (D1)
Produce a diagram of the skeleton, naming the major bones.
-44931736961Carpals
0Carpals
1142365131445Cranium
0Cranium

10223517145000223012017081500
10793695043280Tarsals
0Tarsals
7956555516880Metatarsals
00Metatarsals
-6385031733353Metacarpals
0Metacarpals
17574831985010006697722190574Rib Cage
00Rib Cage
308215926319870036339732773680Illium00Illium289179023304500038385752142490Spinal Column
00Spinal Column
316098611657940033342761607032Scapula
0Scapula
-39282114915300208862456899280019778505358152004721072613673004327569219316Radius
0Radius
481625612755840045950791717675Ulna
0Ulna
-109570214912Phalanges
0Phalanges
-4387854502157956553987165Patella
0Patella
175785511179280010166351575435Humerus0Humerus30347537713280021672554559300303466552014600029555094680037001773270422312300175765833096200033343855043170Fibula
0Fibula
33337504459605Tibia
00Tibia
3159760360680Clavicle
0Clavicle
953135203200Mandible
0Mandible
9537703088880Femur
00Femur

Identify the different regions of the vertebral column and describe the function of each region.
260858034290Cervical Vertebrae It is smallest vertebrae an it supports the head and neck. Top vertebra (atlas) allows head to nod second vertebra (axis) allows head to rotate
Cervical Vertebrae It is smallest vertebrae an it supports the head and neck. Top vertebra (atlas) allows head to nod second vertebra (axis) allows head to rotate

26060404034790Coccyx
Fused vertebrae, no special use
4000020000Coccyx
Fused vertebrae, no special use
114300041948100026085803107055Sacrum Vertebrae bones of sacral vertebrae are fused together to make a strong base and transmit force from legs to upper body bones of sacral vertebrae are fused together make a strong base and transmit force from legs to upper body
0Sacrum Vertebrae bones of sacral vertebrae are fused together to make a strong base and transmit force from legs to upper body bones of sacral vertebrae are fused together make a strong base and transmit force…