Crecy- mid July August 26, 1346
Cause- Because King Edward 3rd attacks French forces under King Philip 6th at the battle of Crecy in Norway. And in the battle, the early use of the deadly long bow was used by the English. And the English won and pushed back the French knights with a shower of arrows.
Who won- English
Calais- September, 1346
Cause- the English Channel port of Calais suited Edward's purposes. It was highly defensible. It boasted a double moat and substantial city walls built a hundred years earlier. The citadel in the northwest corner of Calais had its own moat and additional fortifications. Once taken, Calais could be resupplied and defended easily by sea. But the defenses which made Calais attractive to Edward also made it difficult to seize.
Who won- English
Orleans- Between October 1428 and May 1429
Cause- Charles furnished Joan with a small army, and on April 27, 1429, she set out for Orleans, besieged by the English since October 1428. On April 29, as a French sortie distracted the English troops on the west side of Orleans, Joan entered unopposed by its eastern gate. She brought greatly needed supplies and reinforcements and inspired the French to a passionate resistance. The French won the day. On May 8, the English retreated from Orleans.
Who won- French
Place- north-central France, on the Loire River
Flanders- Best quality wool from England
A way- Merchants brought boats up rivers from the coast to inland towns in Flanders - paying more taxes to different lords on the way.
Agincourt- Friday, 25 October 1415
Cause- King Henry 5th of England wanted to reclaim the land he lost over the years of fighting with the French.
Who won- English
Place- Northern France
Anjou- united with the English Crown from 1151-1199
Avignon- Is a French commune in southeastern France in the bordered by the left bank of the Rhône River.
Place- A city in France
Versailles- A city in French which holds a 18th century palace with gilded apartments.
Hundred year war- A series of conflicts waged from 1337 to 1453 fought between the Kingdom of England and the House of Valois for control of the French throne.
Battle of Hastings- Fought on 14 October 1066 between the Norman-French army of Duke William II of Normandy and an English army under the Anglo-Saxon King Harold II.
St. Bartholomew day Massacre- In 1572 was a targeted group of assassinations, followed by a wave of Catholic mob violence.
Matilda and Geoffrey Plantagenet (count of France) - Count of Anjou, Touraine, and Maine from 1129 and Duke of Normandy by conquest from 1144. Geoffrey's son by his wife empress Matilda.
Hugh Capet- A duke who controlled estates around Paris and Orleans.
Louis VI (Louis the Fat 1108-1137) - King of Franks
He was the first member of the House of Capet to make a lasting contribution to the centralizing institutions of royal power.
Philip II (grandson of Louis VI) - The King of France from 1180 to 1223, and the first to be called by that title.
Philip was one of the most successful medieval French monarchs in expanding the royal demesne and the influence of the monarchy.
Louis IX (Saint Louis 1226-1270) - King of France from 1226 to 1270, the most popular of the Capetian monarchs.
He led the Seventh Crusade to the Holy Land in 1248–50 and died on another crusade to Tunisia.
Edward III- (1327-1377) Edward overran Brittany in 1342 and in 1346 he landed in Normandy, defeating the French King, Philip VI, at the Battle of Crécy.
Joan of Arc- nicknamed "The Maid of Orléans” is considered a heroine of France and a Roman Catholic saint.
King Charles- He was monarch of the three kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland from 27 March 1625 until his execution in 1649.
Capetian Dynasty- Is the largest and oldest European royal house