Therapeutic Approaches

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Matthew Weill
General Psychology
Professor Garnett
Topic- Therapeutic Approaches “Participation-Engagement: A Philosophically based heuristic for prioritizing clinical interventions in the treatment of comorbid, complex, and chronic psychiatric conditions”- Golan Shahar and Larry Davidson (main library, bound periodicals. RC321)
Shahar and Davidson proposed a heuristic for prioritizing interventions in psychiatric conditions. They came to their thesis by looking at the sociologist Talcott Parsons, the continental-philosophical tradition, and using their previous work. They argued that participation in personally meaningful life goals represents a hallmark of mental health. “Symptoms and vulnerabilities that impede such participation should therefore be targeted vigorously, but others who aren’t imminent threats should assume secondary focus.” (pg.350) They also discussed clinical assessments and the therapeutic relationship between the two.

“Prevalence of internet addiction and correlations with family factors among south Korean adolescents”- Soo Kyung Park, Jae Yop Kim, and Choon Bum Cho (Main Library, bound periodicals. RC488 .5 .A1 F33)
Park, Kim, and Cho studied and investigated the prevalence of Internet addiction among South Korean adolescents and they searched family factors associated with Internet addiction. They used middle and high school students in Seoul to help show the presence of this addiction. “11% of the 903 adolescents surveyed got at least a 70% on the Internet addiction scale.” (pg.142) These kids were looked at as high risk for Internet addiction and were in need of further assessment. The survey showed that parenting attitudes, family communication, family cohesion, and family violence exposure were linked with Internet addiction. The point of Park, Kim, and Cho’s survey indicated that families play and important role in preventing Internet addiction and must be considered when programs are developed to minimize Internet usage by the high-risk adolescents.

“Therapuetic approaches to families of young Israel soldiers.”- Yoram Hazan, Avner Sella, Hillel Klein (Main Library, Bound Periodicals: RC488.5 .A1 F3)
Hazan, Sella, and Klein described family intervention performed in civilian psychiatric unit with patients who were young Israeli soldiers. The therapy was psychoanalytically oriented, and special attention was given to general traits of the families. The soldiers difficulties related to the stress posed by the connection between the family system and the army. “The link between the family members with the fear of death is that by the military service, and the sharing of authority over the son, whom the army becomes his secondary family.” (pg.298) When in the psychiatric unit, the 2 system crossings of army and family, and hospital and family should be examined because the favorable solution will be more successful integration of the family experiences. Finally, the soldier’s difficulties and hospitalization tends to facilitate the reincorporation of the soldier into service.

“Therapeutic approaches to the alcoholic marriage.”- Edgar Nace (Main Library, Bound Periodicals: RC321 .P894)
Edgar Nace reviewed theories in psychopathology of the spouse of an alcoholic and also treatment modalities for marriages in which one or both spouses abuse alcohol. His research concluded, “wives of alcoholics chose the alcoholic husbands to fulfill their unconscious needs.” (pg. 242) Edgar also researched that decompensating of their wife would happen if the husband stopped drinking. The stress theory is the alternative to the hypothesis. Anxiety and depression are viewed as a consequence of the difficulties and stress that are in alcoholic marriages. Psychiatrists must be prepared to diagnose alcoholism when in a troubled marriage. Treating the disease is the main priority, and once that has happened you must follow by marital therapy. It is vital to include the spouse in the