Court Case Ladies and Gentlemen of the Jury, I am here today to prove an innocent man not guilty by clearing him of all charges using scientific data. Mr. Gene N. O’Cent has been wrongfully accused of having road rage due to the fact that both parents drive aggressively and test positive for the AGGRESSIVE protein. The AGGRESSIVE protein is encoded by the AGG gene and causes tempers to increase in traffic, which can lead to many issues. However, after analyzing Mr. Gene N. O’Cent’s DNA, two very important mutations have been discovered that prove this man is innocent. DNA contains a chain composed of four different types of nucleotides, which when transcribed and translated contain genetic information that the offspring can inherit. These sequences of nucleotides within DNA are translated to form amino acids, which thus create proteins. DNA is double stranded and contains two antiparallel strands that are used to make copies. The copies of the DNA strands can then be created for the offspring to inherit. DNA transfers genetic material from generation to generation and it is found in all humans and comes from both parents of the offspring. Humans contain two copies of each gene; the offspring receives one copy from their mother and one from their father. Offspring can either be homozygous, contain two copies of the same allele within a gene, or heterozygous, contain two different alleles within a gene, which can help determine the phenotype of the offspring. Heterozygotes contain two different alleles; a dominant and recessive allele. Dominant alleles produce the same phenotype whether its paired allele is identical or different. Recessive alleles can only produce a certain phenotype when its paired allele is identical. Dominant alleles determine the phenotype of the offspring, no matter what the other paired allele is. Offspring can be phenotypically different from their parents due to several genetic mechanisms. Three genetic mechanisms that can cause phenotypic differences between offspring and parents are pleiotropy, dominant and recessive alleles, and mutations. Pleiotropy is defined as a single gene affecting multiple phenotypic traits. An example of pleiotropy is PKU disease, which is caused by a mutation within a gene that codes for a certain enzyme. Differences in genotypes can cause differences in phenotypes because offspring that are heterozygous can either display a phenotype similar to a homozygous dominant individual or a homozygous recessive individual depending on how the alleles act. Mr. Gene N. O’Cent’s parents are heterozygous for the AGG gene, therefore he could display this same trait or be completely recessive and not show the trait at all, that’s if no other mutations affect his DNA. The third genetic mechanism can cause phenotypic differences between offspring and the parents are specific to Mr. O’Cent’s case. The third genetic mechanism is mutations. Mutations are changes in a gene that can modify or prevent the function of a protein. It is common for a mutation to create an altered gene product that can result in new phenotypes. There are various types of point mutations such as silent, missense, nonsense, and frameshift mutations. Frameshift mutations are caused by insertions or deletions of a nucleotide. Insertions add one or more base pairs within the DNA sequence. Deletions remove one or more base pairs within the DNA sequence. The Defendant experiences an insertion within his exon region on an allele received from one of his parents, which can alter translation and ultimately the protein produced. Also, on a second allele received from one of his parents, a deletion within the polyadenylation signal region is evident, which effects nuclear transport, stability of the mRNA, interferes with transcription and prevents translation from occurring. The first AGG mutation is seen within the defendant’s exon, the coding region of the gene and is…
different conditions on earth due to the quick technical development. Genetic engineering is a very controversial subject. People all over the world have different opinions and it is mainly ethical issues that appear. We have to answer questions such as: Should we just because we can? What happens with the multitude on earth? Who has the right to decide what to do? I, myself, think that we have to be very careful when it comes to genetic engineering and the ethical dilemmas are though to tackle.
Honors Integrated Science 2 Review
Genetics- the Science of Heredity and how traits are inherited
Heredity- The passing of traits from parents to offspring
Dominant- When one trait overpowers or hides the other trait.
Recessive- The trait that is hidden or masked
Genes- Specific traits are carried as genes on chromosomes. Genes are segments of DNA.
Alleles- The alternate forms of a gene. You receive one allele from each parent and have 2 alleles to describe a trait…
By Lori Wiley
Genetic engineering is a technique scientist use to change the DNA of a living organism. DNA is considered to be the blue print of an organism’s individuality. An organism’s life, growth, and unique features come from its DNA.
Scientist have discovered that some enzymes can change the structure of DNA in a living organism. These enzymes can cut and join strands of DNA. Genetic Engineers believe they can improve the foods by doing this. For example, tomatoes…
Well-financed biotech firms are free t“Genetic engineering is tampering on a monumental scale, and nature will surely exact a heavy toll for this trespass”- Eva Novotny.
Eva described the act of gene modification as a great crime in the natural world, and implied that mother nature will definitely avenge mans trespassing on her turf. Its with Eva that I make my case.
Genetic engineering is the direct manipulation of an organism’s genome using biotechnology. It is a case where by genes are extract, placed…
The case of baby P .
Peter Connelly was a 17 month old little boy whose life was full of physical abuse from his mother and her then boyfriend . Peter died from over 50 injuries to his broken body and everyone he came in contact with who should have been there to protect him let him down by not protecting him from the horrors he encountered even though he had been seen sixty times in the eight months leading up to his death .
Why did no one notice the bruises to his face ? because his mother…
17 November 2014
Mr. Reid HR (MW6)
HR & Genetic Testing
In November of 2009 the Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act of 2008 or GINA finally takes effect. This federal law “protects Americans from being treated unfairly because of differences in their DNA that may affect their health (Genetic Discrimination).” Genetic discrimination has now become a major topic for Human Resource Management departments in many companies and organizations. GINA was put in place to help those…
What Is Genetic Engineering?
Genetic engineering refers to a set of technologies that are being used to change the genetic makeup of cells and move genes across species boundaries to produce novel organisms. The techniques involve highly sophisticated manipulations of genetic material and other biologically important chemicals.
Genes are the chemical blueprints that determine an organism's traits. Moving genes from one organism to another transfers those traits. Through genetic engineering, organisms…
Wesley Rupe, Jawad Rana, Layli Stroia,
Charles Taiwo, Mariella Velasquez, Mark Young
Table of contents
Title page ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 1
Table of contents ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 2
1. A brief description of the technology and an explanation of the associated science (Mariella Velasquez) ………………………………………………..……………. 3
2. Psychological considerations…
Genetic Basis (Genes involved)
According to the American Cancer Society Breast cancer is a tumor that starts in the cells of the breast tumor is a group of cancer cells that grow into (take) surrounding tissues or continue to spread to the other areas of the body. This disease occurs almost entirely in women, but men can get it, too. Many factors increase the chance of developing breast cancer, but it is not known exactly how some of these risk factors cause cells to become cancerous. Hormones…