According to the United Nations, genocide is a crime under international law and the present Convention states that genocide means any of the following acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group as such: killing members of the group, bodily or mentally harm members of a group, deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part, imposing measures intended to prevent births within the group, forcibly transferring children of the group to another group. If this is the convention written by the United Nations why did it take the world so long to realize the situation in Rwanda? Why couldn’t they send more troops to save the innocent people that died? Questions like this keep haunting me and I ask myself why so many people were left to die because of a stupid cause. April 6th 1994, was the year that one million lives were lost in only one hundred days. It was the fastest and the most brutal genocide yet recorded in human history. It was carefully planned and executed to destroy the Tutsi population by the Hutu’s. The genocide officially began after the death of President Juvenal Habyarimana, a Hutu, whose plane was mysteriously shot down on April 6 1994. The death of the president was the excuse the Hutu extremists needed to begin the killing that they had long planned. Hutu extremists had long been paranoid about Tutsi power; at various times Tutsis had suffered, and been slaughtered, at the hands of Hutus; a group of exiled Tutsis organized the Rwandan Patriotic Front, with whom Habyarimana had signed peace accords in 1993. This accord did not work but obviously angered the Hutu extremists and this led to the beginning of the Genocide. Another contributing factor that led to the mass murders was provoked by radio broadcasts, which referred to the Tutsis as Inyenzi or "cockroaches," much as Nazi propaganda referred to the Jews as "parasites." Dallaire notes that Rwanda is a radio-based culture in which broadcasts were "akin to the voice of God, and if the radio called for violence, many Rwandans would respond, believing they were being sanctioned to commit these actions." Lt. General Roméo Dallaire was the United Nations Assistance Mission for Rwanda and he was the Force Commander during the genocide. It is through Dallaire that we have an account of the unfolding genocide in detail. In his account he described it as a murderous frenzy in which children were brutally killed; pregnant women had their fetuses ripped from their womb as they were murdered. This definitely screams out Genocide and I still don’t understand why it wasn’t stopped. The United States government had the power and the technical expertise to jam the Rwandan hate radio, but nothing was done. If they had done this it could have prevented the large number of people that died. As I already stated, Rwanda is a radio-based country. The people of Rwanda believe what the radio feeds them, so through the encouragement of the radio broadcasters it increased the reason for some of them to go out a kill. As a result of this, I blame the U.S. and other developed countries for not taking a stance with the Rwandan situation. I blame them because they could have organized troops to go in a deal with the situation and save thousands of innocent lives. Their troops have the military capacity and are well trained and equipped to stop the situation from escalating. Due to the casualties the United States suffered in Somalia, the American government was unwilling to support the UN involvement in Rwanda. As stated by Samantha Power, when the massacres started, not only did the Clinton administration not send troops to Rwanda to contest the slaughter, but refused countless other options. President Clinton did not convene a single meeting of his senior foreign policy advisors to discuss U.S. options for Rwanda.…
The Rwandan genocide began on April 6th 1994 between the Hutu and the Tutsi population. In 1994, Rwanda’s population consisted of three ethnic groups: Hutu (85%), Tutsi (14%) and Twa (1%). In the early 90s, Hutu extremists blamed the entire Tutsi population for the country’s increasing social, economic and political pressures. As reports of the genocide spread, the Security Council voted in mid-May to supply more than 5,000 troops. By the time that force arrived in full, however, the genocide had…
section, I discuss the dynamics of genocide in both cases, addressing the
primary patterns of violence in Darfur and in Rwanda as well as common causal
factors in both cases. I then make some theoretical observations based on the analysis,
noting both similarities and differences. In the second main section, I discuss the
international response to genocide in both cases. Here I focus on three main areas: the
debate over whether to use the label ‘‘genocide’’ in both cases; the formation (or lack…
Conflict is an entity that appears in many different forms, each depending largely on the influential factors. The region of Sub-Saharan Africa is host to a long list of embedded strife. Most of these countries have been disjointed from the domineering rule of European colonialism. And although Rwanda’s bout with colonialism may have been short in duration (1890s-1960s), its impact on the subsequent political environment was significant. Some of these inherited…
Innocent people were jailed for broaching their views, civil liberties were ignored, and many Americans feared that a Bolshevik-style revolution could occur anytime (somewhat like the Crucible, where innocent people could not show their opinion in fear of being jailed and hung). During World War 1, anyone who wasn't as patriotic as possible-- German-Americans, immigrants, Communists--was suspect. It was out of this that the Red Scare occurred.
All told, thousands of innocent people were jailed…
The people of Rwanda have long existed as two classes; Hutu and Tutsi. The Tutsis owned the cattle in the region and were generally considered more a part of the aristocracy. The Hutus were lower class peasant farmers. They were also the majority of the people living in Rwanda. When the country of Rwanda was colonised, ethnic ID cards were eventually issued in an attempt to distinguish Hutu from Tutsi. Originally the Belgian colonists supported the Tutsis but they eventually switched sides to the…
April 22, 2015
The Rwandan Genocide stands out as a horrifically, significant event, not only because of the sheer number of people murdered in cold blood during an extremely short period of time, but also because of how recently it occurred in history. (Don't know what else to say for intro)
Rwanda was first colonized by the Germans. Their main contribution to the future of Rwanda was their fascination with anthropology and the method in which they categorized…
Amidst the Rwandan Holocaust
People, places, and groups
2. Rwanda- country in which she lived
3. Kibuye-Rwandan providence where Immaculée lived
4. Mataba- village in which she grew up
5. Kigali-capital of Rwanda
6. Lake Kivu-place where she use to go swimming (lake)
7. Tutsis-African people living in Rwanda and Burindi
8. Hutus-African people living mainly in Rwanda; in power when genocide broke out
9. RPF-Rwandan Patriotic Front;…
General commentary on institutional aggression includes that dehumanisation is very difficult to research empirically. The second piece of commentary is that there are ethical issues in studying people who have been subjected to dehumanisation.
The first psychological explanation of institutional aggression is it within groups. The first form of aggression this explains is the origins of institutional aggression, the first factor being the importation model founded by Irwin and Cressey. This is…
The Rwandan Genocide
The Rwandan Genocide was the 1994 mass murder of an estimated 800,000 people in the small East African nation of Rwanda. The atrocities, which took place over the course of roughly 100 days, were the culmination of longstanding ethnic competition and tensions between the country’s two main ethnic groups. The United Nations tried to make immediate action and help out the refugees. Eventually the United Nations refused to help Rwandan refugees.
In the late 1800s Germany colonizes…
Hutu-led government leading up to, during, and after the Rwandan Genocide. The name Interahamwe can be translated as "Those who work together" or "Those who fight together".
Robert Kajuga, a Tutsi that was unusual for this group to have a Tutsi member, was the President of the Interahamwe. The Vice President of Interahamwe was Georges Rutaganda. The Interahamwe was formed by groups of young people of the MRND party. They carried out the Rwandan Genocide acts against the Tutsis in 1994.