According to the United Nations, genocide is a crime under international law and the present Convention states that genocide means any of the following acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group as such: killing members of the group, bodily or mentally harm members of a group, deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part, imposing measures intended to prevent births within the group, forcibly transferring children of the group to another group. If this is the convention written by the United Nations why did it take the world so long to realize the situation in Rwanda? Why couldn’t they send more troops to save the innocent people that died? Questions like this keep haunting me and I ask myself why so many people were left to die because of a stupid cause. April 6th 1994, was the year that one million lives were lost in only one hundred days. It was the fastest and the most brutal genocide yet recorded in human history. It was carefully planned and executed to destroy the Tutsi population by the Hutu’s. The genocide officially began after the death of President Juvenal Habyarimana, a Hutu, whose plane was mysteriously shot down on April 6 1994. The death of the president was the excuse the Hutu extremists needed to begin the killing that they had long planned. Hutu extremists had long been paranoid about Tutsi power; at various times Tutsis had suffered, and been slaughtered, at the hands of Hutus; a group of exiled Tutsis organized the Rwandan Patriotic Front, with whom Habyarimana had signed peace accords in 1993. This accord did not work but obviously angered the Hutu extremists and this led to the beginning of the Genocide. Another contributing factor that led to the mass murders was provoked by radio broadcasts, which referred to the Tutsis as Inyenzi or "cockroaches," much as Nazi propaganda referred to the Jews as "parasites." Dallaire notes that Rwanda is a radio-based culture in which broadcasts were "akin to the voice of God, and if the radio called for violence, many Rwandans would respond, believing they were being sanctioned to commit these actions." Lt. General Roméo Dallaire was the United Nations Assistance Mission for Rwanda and he was the Force Commander during the genocide. It is through Dallaire that we have an account of the unfolding genocide in detail. In his account he described it as a murderous frenzy in which children were brutally killed; pregnant women had their fetuses ripped from their womb as they were murdered. This definitely screams out Genocide and I still don’t understand why it wasn’t stopped. The United States government had the power and the technical expertise to jam the Rwandan hate radio, but nothing was done. If they had done this it could have prevented the large number of people that died. As I already stated, Rwanda is a radio-based country. The people of Rwanda believe what the radio feeds them, so through the encouragement of the radio broadcasters it increased the reason for some of them to go out a kill. As a result of this, I blame the U.S. and other developed countries for not taking a stance with the Rwandan situation. I blame them because they could have organized troops to go in a deal with the situation and save thousands of innocent lives. Their troops have the military capacity and are well trained and equipped to stop the situation from escalating. Due to the casualties the United States suffered in Somalia, the American government was unwilling to support the UN involvement in Rwanda. As stated by Samantha Power, when the massacres started, not only did the Clinton administration not send troops to Rwanda to contest the slaughter, but refused countless other options. President Clinton did not convene a single meeting of his senior foreign policy advisors to discuss U.S. options for Rwanda.
Does the Genocide in Rwanda have a singular cause? I do not believe so; the cause of genocide in Rwanda in 1994 was due to years of built up hatred between the Tutsis and the Hutus along with many other occurrences. The Rwandan Genocide is no exception with many variables contributing to the horrific events that took place. According to the documentary Ghosts of Rwanda, in 1994, Rwanda experienced a premeditated, systematic and state sponsored genocide with the aim of exterminating…
INTRODUCTIONWhat are human rights?
WHAT ARE HUMAN RIGHTS?
“Human rights are entitlements that are
fundamental. They are things to which every
human being is entitled just because they are
All people have a claim to human rights as they
are fundamental in ensuring peace and security
for all peoples. They cannot be ‘given’ by
governments, instead they are an inherited set
of rights which automatically belong to each
member of humankind.
Society (especially in the 20th century after
The Rwandan genocide began on the dawn of April 7, 1994 after a plane crash which killed both the Rwandan and Burundian Presidents. The genocide lasted for a hundred days in which many people were slaughtered by fellow Rwandans. The world media has often portrayed the genocide as an ancient tribal conflict between the majority Hutu and minority Tutsi, implying that it is a phenomenon more specific to the African population. This idea is in line with theories of conflict such as the Huntington’s Clash…
often destroy a society. In 1994, 800,000
people were killed during a conflict known as the Rwandan Genocide. The genocide lasted
3 months and was caused by ethnic tensions between two groups known as the Hutus and
Tutsis. After the genocide, Rwanda turned to its traditional court system to prosecute the
genocide-related crimes. By 1998, however, the total prison population had reached about
130,000, but only 1,292 people had been tried in established Rwandan courts (Human
Rights Watch). It was apparent…
Remembering The Rwandan Genocide
On April 6, 1994, a plane carrying President Habyarimana, a Hutu, was shot down. Immediately after that violence commenced (Source 1). Word spread around and blamed the Tutsi a small minority that lives in Rwanda for President Habyarimana’s Death. Hutu extremists made their plans to destroy the entire Tutsi civilian population because of this. The Rwandan Genocide was a violation of human rights because it defies multiple guaranteed rights from the UN Declaration…
The people of Rwanda have long existed as two classes; Hutu and Tutsi. The Tutsis owned the cattle in the region and were generally considered more a part of the aristocracy. The Hutus were lower class peasant farmers. They were also the majority of the people living in Rwanda. When the country of Rwanda was colonised, ethnic ID cards were eventually issued in an attempt to distinguish Hutu from Tutsi. Originally the Belgian colonists supported the Tutsis but they eventually switched sides to the…
May 19th 2014
The Rwandan Genocide
This year marks the 10th anniversary of the Rwandan Genocide. For most, a genocide is viewed
as mass killings or the deliberate killing of a large group of people, however, it is rarely
understood and involves much more than just the killing itself. Although students study the
Holocaust and other wellknown massmurders throughout history, little is taught about Rwanda.
The Rwandan Genocide was one of the worst…
blame for the genocide in Rwanda?
Imperialism introduced concepts of violence, however is not responsible for the mass killings of the Tutsi and even Hutu people. The Rwandans also hold responsibility for the actions of both the Hutu and the Tutsi, as the Rwandans held power in 1994 and that both people, regardless of any differences, were all Rwandans at the end of the day. To attempt to translate the issue, it can be said that if the Imperialist whites were the “parents” and Rwandans were the “sibling”…
The Hutu, an ethnic majority in the country of Rwanda, murdered more than 800,000 people from April 6, 1994 to July 16, 1994. The people murdered were mostly of the Tutsi minority. This murdering was an act of genocide. Genocide is the deliberate killing of a large group of people, especially those of a particular ethnic group or nation. After the conflict, two million refugees from Rwanda were displaced.
The Hutu and Tutsi ethnic groups did not get along. The Tutsis were identified as the superior…
of Rwanda, we see a country that found much of its accomplishments after the Rwandan genocide. Much like South Africa and many other African countries, Rwandans were assigned ID cards that would state their ethnicity. However, in Rwanda, ethnicities were assigned and were not of true representation of the peoples ancestry; race and power would become synonymous. The two main “ethnicities” that become important in Rwandan society are the Tutsi and the Hutu. With all of the political conflict going…