I imagine myself walking into a clinic and giving a few swabs of the cells from inside my cheeks. Do I really want to find out what kinds of diseases i might develop in the future? Would I want to know my lineage? Would I want all of my information to be out there for someone to see? These are questions that would arise in my mind if I were to hand over swabs to have my genome mapped out. I would have to say that I don’t think I would want my genome mapped out. Although I do think it would be very interesting to find out what it would say about my life, I just think I would dwell too much on the information I would find out. Having your genome mapped out doesn’t show you a “sure” thing of developing diseases. It only shows a tendency to develop them and I would just go crazy thinking every little symptom could lead to that. Doing these tests don’t take into account lifestyle issues like smoking, drinking, or having an unhealthy diet. I would also be concerned as to who would have access to all the information. They say it is confidential and anonymous, but is it really? Who knows where they store the information or who has access to your DNA after that. It is a scary thought to think someone irresponsible would have access to all that information and what they could do with it. Although I wouldn’t want my information mapped out, I think that the Human Genome Project is wonderful. After all the research and mapping out DNA we have been able to find cures for diseases, people can find out if they are predisposed to certain diseases if they wish to know, and tests can be done during pregnancy to find out if a baby will have certain defects and may be able to resolve them before birth. These studies can help to improve livestock and agriculture by enhancing the quality of the food supply and animals and we may even be able to save endangered animal species. Wouldn’t you like to know where the human race began? Maybe one day we will be able to find out with all the technology and testing being done. Furthermore, DNA testing has great benefits of solving crimes with forensic testing. It could find a criminal or in some cases free someone who has been wrongfully convicted of a crime. DNA is used to identify victims or persons who are missing and can’t be identified by any other means. There are many great uses for DNA. On the other hand, there has been controversy surrounding the Human Genome Project. What are the ethical and social concerns? People worry about the use of the information that is
1. Discuss the significance of the human genome project
The Human Genome Project (HGP) was one of the great feats of exploration in
history - an inward voyage of discovery rather than an outward exploration of the
planet or the cosmos; an international research effort to sequence and map all of the
genes - together known as the genome - of members of our species. The HGP gave us
the ability to read nature's complete genetic blueprint for building a human being.
2. Describe some benefits and problems…
24 September 2014
The Human Genome
The Human Genome was a worldwide search with goals of finding out the answers to some important questions, for example: How do we study the DNA of individuals to help them discover their ethnic ancestry? How do we map out the sequences of DNA? What does it mean? For people with diseases involving genetic mechanisms, what can we learn? Is it possible for scientist to fix genetic mutations or prevent such diseases…
On June 26, 2000, former President Bill Clinton was joined with the then British Prime Minister, Tony Blair, to unveil the next biggest advance in science, genome mapping. This is the process of physically being able to map out a human gene to see the chemical base pairs that make up ones DNA, from a physical and functional standpoint. As this huge scientific advancement continued on and it started to become available…
Human Genome Project
The Human Genome Project is an international scientific research project with a primary goal of determining the sequence of chemical base pairs which make up DNA, and of identifying and mapping the approximately 20,000–25,000 genes of the human genome from both a physical and functional standpoint
The Human Genome Project improves every year. As technology improves, data collected on the genome sequence and newly developed techniques for screening DNA, resulted in an unprecedented…
Pharmacogenomics is the study of genomes and the structure of the genomes within DNA strands for use in healthcare. Technology has enabled scientists to map DNA and catalogue genome sequences and opened the door for a personal approach to health care. All this was made possible starting with a thirteen year project conducted by scientists worldwide to map genome sequencing in human DNA. In 2003 the Human Genome Project was finalized IN 2003 giving scientists a blueprint for human genetics and the possibility…
the Genome is Functional
ENCODE Finds 80% of the Genome is Functional
09/06/2012 Sarah C.P. Williams In 30 papers published simultaneously, the five-year ENCODE project reports the mapping of more than four million regulatory sites across the human genome.
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In an effort that rivals the original human genome project in scale and scope, researchers from around the world have been collaborating for the past five years to understand the non-coding regions of the human genome—the…
short section of DNA, every strand of DNA has it's own genetic code which is a bunch of genes put together to form a genetic code. And the chromosomes are made from long DNA molecules. So when the genes are all together they form a chromosome.
The relationship between genes and DNA molecules is:
· A gene is a short section of DNA. The genes that form the DNA make up a certain genetic code, which determines the characteristics of a living thing.
#2. The Human Genome Project was said to be so…
Nucleotide – monomer that forms DNA and has a phosphate group, a sugar, and a nitrogen base
Double helix – model that compares the structure of a DNA molecule, in which two strands wind around one another, to that of a twisted ladder
Base pairing rules – rule that describes how nucleotides form bonds in DNA; adenine (A) always bonds with thymine (T), and guanine (G) always bonds with cytosine (C)
Replication – process by which DNA is copied
DNA polymerase – enzyme that makes bonds…
Epigenetics is the study of modifications and additions distributed across genome, which effect gene expression without changing the core genomic sequence of DNA (Handel et al, 2009). The NIH has set up the ‘Epigenetic Roadmap’ project which is being used to sequence Epigenetic maps which will show the variation of epigenetic tags across the genome. There has been a lot of money invested in this project as it is thought to be essential for understanding developmental, environmental and hereditary…
Cannabis sativa has been cultivated throughout human history as a source of fiber, oil and food, and for its medicinal and intoxicating properties. Selective breeding has produced cannabis plants for specific uses, including high-potency marijuana strains and hemp cultivars for fiber and seed production. The molecular biology underlying cannabinoid biosynthesis and other traits of interest is largely unexplored.
We sequenced genomic DNA and RNA from the marijuana strain Purple Kush using…