Geog 101 9:00-9:50
Chapter 9 Elizabeth Chacko and Ivan Cheung
Civil upset and a rain deficiency provoked an in-pouring of Ethiopian immigration to the United States. In 1965 Congress made changes to immigration laws; these changes made it possible for more immigrants to enter the United States. In 2002 an Ethiopian enclave in Los Angeles prompted the city to create a Little Ethiopia. Los Angeles was the first city in the United States to do this. Washington D.C. attempted to do this in 2004, but failed. Due to the high populations in both LosAngeles and Washington D.C., they have a more diverse community verses smaller cities. The Ethiopian community is widely dispersed in Los Angeles, but clutched together due to common interest and geographical proximity. The Ethiopian enclave is made possible only in areas that are not declared by other racial or other groups. The authors that conducted the study and researched Washington D.C. and Los Angeles focused on both of these cites because they both have the highest number of Ethiopian immigrants. The authors found that Los Angeles had only 3% of Ethiopian natives, while Washington D.C. had 22%. The study used “measures of concentration, clustering and exposure to understand the spatial patterns exhibited by foreign-born Ethiopians in the Los Angeles PMSA and the central city of Washington D.C. and their implications for the formation of an entire enclave.” (Chacko and Cheung 130).
I agree with the findings in this chapter because they used both the Entropy Index and Exposure Index. The authors also used a wide variety of other sources to gather more information. I fully agree with Los Angeles did with introducing the Ethiopian enclave by having Public Announcements to create a consciousness to the culture and broader understanding withing the community. I would have liked to have seen less statistics and more information on the population and actual culture in the chapter.
The south is slowly changing into a more diverse community. The Asian and Hispanic are creating a new community in the south. The chapter notes that the “Southeast region has emerged as the largest home to Hispanics in the U.S.” (Sharma 308). The findings in this chapter focused primarily on Tennessee. African American are found more on the western side of the state while Caucasians are more on the eastern side. The diversity growth in Tennessee has increased, but very slowly. Geographical diversity has spread further out into the rural areas of the state and no longer primarily found in the lager cities such as Nashville and Memphis. The Northeastern part of the state is found to be the less diverse. Despite Tennessee becoming more diverse, the state is still very much segregated. Although, more Asians and Hispanics are relocating