George Orwell & Communism & The Russian Revolution by Bryan Derr
George Orwell, Communism, and The Russian Revolution. What do these 3 topics have to do with each other? The all end up talking about the same thing. George Orwell was an author who wrote Animal Farm and 1984. Animal Farm is about the Russian Revolution. Communism is a major part in the Russian Revolution. The Russian Revolution is about the control of Russia in the 1900’s which ends up talking about communism and George Orwell.
George Orwell is a pen name for a man actually named Eric Arthur Blair who was born in Motihari, India, June 25, 1903 to Richard Walmesley Blair and Ida Mabel Blair. Raised in a poor english family, Blair was extremely smart who had a knack for writing and created his first poem at the age of four. When he was eleven his parents sent him to St. Cyprian’s a boarding school to prepare students for exams. After St. Cyprian's he went to Eaton, a high class boarding school, on a partial scholarship where he was treated poorly for being of lower class. Due to his maltreatment he began to lose himself in books. He read books by authors such as Rudyard Kipling and H.G. Wells. After Eaton in 1922, his parents could not afford to send him to a university so he enlisted in the Indian Imperial Police Force. He served for 5 years in Burma before resigning back to England. His first work in 1933 was known as “Down and Out In Paris and London”. This is also when he adopted the pen name George Orwell. He chose this name to hide his family of any shame caused by his book. In 1936 He met Eileen O'Shaughnessy who he married in 1936. Soon after marrying he went to Spain to help the fight against General Francisco Franco in the Spanish Civil War. He was shot twice during this, once in the neck and once in the arm. He left Spain and went back to England where he wrote numerous political essays and reviews and became a producer for the BBC in 1941 before quitting in 1943. He is known for his two most famous works 1984 and Animal Farm. Both of these books were written as anti government even though he was pro socialism himself. 1984 was about a dystopian future which represented his feelings a quote in 1984 clearly shows his depressed attitude where it says “Perhaps one did not want to be loved so much as to be understood.” Critics said that “that the overwhelming pessimism of Nineteen Eighty-Four was directly related to the author's fatal illness”. George also said that "it wouldn't have been so gloomy if I hadn't been so ill." He died in 1950 on January 21 from a long struggle tuberculosis which at the time was incurable.
Communism is a form of government that dates back all the way to 400 b.c. when the philosopher Plato talked of it’s ancestor socialism as a type of communal living. Modern communism was more formed by a german known as Karl Marx who wrote the The Communist Manifesto. This book told, helped written by Friedrich Engels, told the ideas of communism or a “Scientific Socialism” (1) as they called it. Communism takes it’s roots in Socialism where Karl Marx believed it was a higher form of socialism. Socialism is a form of government that tries to wipe out any variation in classes. The Merriam Webster dictionary defined socialism as “A way of organizing a society in which major industries are owned and controlled by the government rather than by individual people and companies” (2). Communism and socialism both try to obliterate private ownership and insist on a more government focused mindset. Today communism is not as powerful as it once was though. In the time of the U.S.S.R there was around 19 communist nations, today, there are around 5. Communism is one of