Cultural differences can be very challenging in the business world- especially when the company you work for operates on a global scale, with firms in several different countries, on a few different continents. In the following paper, I will compare the cultural dimensions of five different countries with the United States, including Turkey, Poland, Costa Rica, South Africa, and Indonesia. For each country, the cultural dimensions that will be compared are power distance, individualism, masculinity, uncertainty avoidance, pragmatism, and indulgence. According to the Hofstede Center, power distance is defined as “the extent to which the less powerful members of institutions and organizations within a country expect and accept that power is distributed unequally.” Individualism is described as “the degree of interdependence a society maintains among its members.” Masculinity is “what motivates people, wanting to be the best (masculine) or liking what you do (feminine). Uncertainty Avoidance is “the extent to which the members of a culture feel threatened by ambiguous or unknown situations and have created beliefs and institutions that try to avoid these.” Pragmatism describes “how every society has to maintain some links with its own past while dealing with the challenges of the present and future.” Finally, Indulgence- the last cultural dimension, is defined as “extent to which people try to control their desires and impulses.” In comparing the United States with Turkey, it seems that they are not that different when it comes to the various cultural dimension scores. The difference in scores between the two nations is not that high. For power distance, Turkey scored a 66, while the US is at 40. This basically means that superiors in the workplace are highly inaccessible in Turkey, while superiors in the workplace in the US are kind of in the middle when it comes to direct communication. In the area of individualism, Turkey score significantly lower than the US. With a score of 91 to 37, people in the US are much more comfortable working alone than people in Turkey, who live in a collectivist society. The US and Turkey are pretty close in score for masculinity, with scores of 62 to 45, respectively. This shows that both countries are driven by competition and achievement- but Turkey is a little more feminine, with the lower score. The lower score indicates that society in Turkey doesn’t value competition as much, and is a little more caring and nurturing. When it comes to uncertainty avoidance, Turkey’s score was almost double that of the US. This means that it is very important for people in Turkey to have rules and plans in order to avoid the anxiety that comes with an uncertain future. In the area of pragmatism, Turkey scored 46 while the US scored 26. This means that the US likes to keep traditions, while Turkey, in the middle, doesn’t really have a preference of traditions over new ideas. Finally, Americans seem to be more indulgent than people in Turkey. The US scored a 68 and Turkey scored a 49. This means that society in Turkey holds a pretty even balance between work and play, while people in the US would tend to want to hold off work and play instead. In comparing the US with Poland, I found that some of the cultural dimension scores were really close, while others were really far apart. In the areas of masculinity and pragmatism, the scores for the US and Poland were almost the same, which means that both countries value competition and achievement (masculinity), as well as traditions (pragmatism). In the other four areas- power distance, individualism, uncertainty avoidance, and indulgence, Poland and the US are very different. Poland had a higher score in power distance, which means that it would be harder for employees in Poland to communicate with an executive than it would be for employees in the US. For individualism, the United States had a much higher score than Poland- this shows…
This paper identifies how business plays a role within the United States of America’s economy from the beginning of the countries existence through today. It also compares and contrasts the roles that a non-profit organization plays within the economy compared to the for-profit organizations.
The Business Environment
As business’ rose from the simple market of a young United States to the complex industry that it has become, the roles of business within the economy have drastically…
Assignment Three: Business Ethics Report
“Ethical Decision-Making and the Role of the CECO”
In the wake of major ethics scandals of the past decades, including those at Enron, WorldCom, Chiquita Brands, Arthur Andersen, Bear Stearns, and Lehman Brothers, to name but a few, fostering ethical values and behavior has become a business imperative. According to a report by the Ethics Resource Center, business leaders are now expected not only to have an organizational ethics programs in place but…
From the second quarter of last year to this year GMs revenue raised by five hundred million dollars but that’s about the only thing that increased. The General Motors Company has five principles to take into account when making decisions:
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Social Performance of Organizations
BUS475 – Business and Society
Dr. David Holness, Sr.
January 31, 2015
Specify the nature, structure, and types of products or services of Apple, and identify two (2) key factors in the organization’s external environment that can affect its success. Provide explanation to support the rationale.
Apple is an information technology based organization that provides products and services to its stakeholders. Their products…
Statistics in Business
February 25, 2015
Statistics in Business
Statistics are the “science that deals with the collection, classification, analysis, and interpretation of numerical facts or data, and that by use of mathematical theories of probability, imposes order and regularity on aggregates of more or less disparate elements” (statistics, 2015). Statistics are extremely important in business, and aids in making important decisions. Statistics…
Starting a small business
(a) Describe how to identify the target market.
What is a Target market?
Definition 1: A 'target market or target Audience is the market segment which a particular product is marketed to. It is often defined by age, gender and/or socio-economic grouping.
Definition 2: The segment of the market that a particular brand is focusing its marketing activities on. Similar to the term Target Audience, but includes all…
HRM599 HRM 599 Complete Course Week 1 to Week 11
Download Answer here
HRM 599 Week 1 Discussion
"Discovering HRM Under a New Lens" Please respond to the following:
* Think back to the time period when you started your MSHRM program at Strayer. Describe at…
OCR LEVEL 3 CAMBRIDGE TECHNICAL
CERTIFICATE/DIPLOMA IN BUSINESS
Unit 2 - BUSINESS RESOURCES
P1 - describe the recruitment documentation used in a selected organisation
P2 - describe the main employability and personal and communication skills required when applying for a specific job role
M1 - analyse the recruitment documentation of a selected organisation
You are to produce a guide for applicants on the recruitment documentation used within a selected organisation (Duffryn High School)…
BTEC National in Business
Unit 1- The Business Environment
Assignment 1 – Types of Businesses
The BBC is the largest broadcasting organisation in the world. Its mission statement is to enrich people lives with programs that inform, educate and entertain. The BBC has the second largest budget of any UK broadcaster with an operating expenditure of £4.23 billion in 2009/2010. The only UK broadcaster with a larger operating expenditure is British Sky Broadcasting with £5.9 billion (http://en…
Assignment 2: Challenges in the Global Business Environment
Business and Society
June 1, 2016
Assignment 2: Challenges in the Global Business Environment
Apple Inc. was founded in 1977. To date, this company has continually offered a wide range of products to meet the growing demands of customers all over the world. Apple not only produces and sells computer software and cellphones; they also distribute consumer electronic products around the globe. Increasing…