Essay on Global DBQ1

Submitted By Moo_Barca2015
Words: 404
Pages: 2

Decolonization and Revolutions 1945-1975

After World War II, major independence emerged. Revolutions also occurred. Their shared a goal was to change the leadership of countries such as India, Vietnam, Cuba, China and Ghana. Demands for independence swept the colonies of Africa. At the same time, revolutions transformed Cuba and China. Strong leaders shaped there movements for independence and change. Although, there are some positive results.
India was one of the countries to demand independence. It was controlled by Britain. Mahatma Gandhi led the independence movement in India to gain its independence from Britain. The Salt March, which took place from March to April 1930 in India, was an act of civil disobedience led by Mohandas Gandhi to protest British rule in India. According to Doc. 3 the method that Gandhi used with his people is passive resistance which is actions of nonviolent resistance to authority. The focus of this method is the choice by the actors to abstain from a violent response even in the face of violent aggression. Gandhi successfully used passive resistance to end British imperialism in India.
But passive resistance doesn’t always work. For example, according to doc.4 Nelson Mandela fought tirelessly for the end of apartheid in South Africa. He tried this method but it back fired. Which forced him to use violence. It was that violent resistance that landed him in prison. In 1985, Mandela was offered a conditional release if he were to renounce violence; he refused. Another leader who used violence to achieve independence and succeeded was Ho Chi Minh, which…