Gmo Research Paper

Words: 1318
Pages: 6

To begin the discussion of Genetically Modified Organisms, or GMOs, it must first be defined. GMOs can be defined as “living organisms whose genetic material has been artificially manipulated in a laboratory through genetic engineering, or GE”, this includes the fabrication of new variations in species as well as introduction new genes from one species into that of an unrelated species. (Non-GMO Project). The purpose of all commercial GMOs are for each organism to be “engineered to withstand direct application of herbicide and/or produce an insecticide” many promises of the GMO are “traits [that] offer increased yield, drought tolerance, enhanced nutrition, or any other consumer benefit” (Non-GMO Project).
The most common examples of GMOs
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The United Nations has addressed various aspects of Genetically modified organisms, from trade to the practical use of them A large topic that the UN has discussed involving GM foods began in 2002 when the question of utilizing GMOs as a means of sustenance within South Africa. In a 2002 statement the World Health Organization the “UN policy [stands] that the decision with regard to the acceptance of GM commodities as part of food aid transactions rests with the recipient countries and that is the case in southern Africa”, especially since “FAO, WHO, and WFP hold the view that the consumption of foods containing GMOs now being provided as food aid in southern Africa is not likely to present human health risk. Therefore, these foods may be eaten” (FAO 2002). Conversely, many countries did not permit GMO as food aid due to socio-economic …show more content…
In the research conducted by WHO the UN issued a report stating that “pre-market risk assessments have been performed on all GM products where these products are marketed and that to date no negative health effects have been found” (UN News Centre). Since then the UN has continually released reports concerning various aspects GMOs, including a tendency for support of the production and limited use of GMOs. The United Nations specifically examines three concerns for human health: allergenic, gene transfer, and outcrossing. Additionally, there is a very through aspect of risk assessment for the environment that is involved when determining the concern and potential receiving environment. However, once again reiterating, the UN has not taken any specific actions because of the belief that “GM foods should be examined from many standpoints, including the social and ethical, in addition to the health and environmental” (UN News