Ethnocentrism- the view of things in which one’s own group is the center of everything, and everything is compared and measured up to it. Judging other cultures by mine and saying mine is better.
Stereotypes- social categorizations. They are the pictures we have for various social categories we use.
Prejudice-A judgment based upon previous decisions and experiences. An unfavorable opinion or feeling formed beforehand or without knowledge, thought, or reason. Unreasonable feelings, opinions, or attitudes, especially of a hostile nature, regarding a racial, religious, or national group.
Cultural universals-economic system, marriage &family, education, social control (rules & laws), supernatural beliefs (how cultures deal with the unexplainable), communication.
Values- the ideas that people believe are true, ideal. What is good/ bad.
Beliefs- what makes something good/ bad. Ex. What makes for a good education. Private school is good, public is bad.
Culture- is a set of attributes (values, beliefs, & norms) that are learned, shared and dynamic by a group of people.
Culture is material and non material.
Norms- laws & rules made to follow the beliefs.
Values and Beliefs are taught through socialization.
Socialization begins from the womb.
Degrees of Prejudice-