Gothic Fiction Analysis

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Gothic fiction is a genre that combines horror, death, fiction and occasionally romance. It pleases audiences as it feeds on a thrilling type of terror. “Gothic Fiction ideals with tales of the irrational aspects of human existence.” ("Gothic: Origins"). However, through the progress of time and the development of different social beliefs, Gothic Fiction has transformed from its original nature. Contemporary Gothic texts conform to the traditional elements however they are not similar in regard to the representation of women. The traditional gothic novel, Rebecca by Daphne du Maurier, and two modern films Dracula Untold, directed by Gary Shore and Crimson Peak, directed by Guillermo del Toro, can be analysed to provide similarities and differences that the development of society’s beliefs has influenced.
Through the progress of time and development of literature certain elements of gothic fiction have remained in the modern interpretations. The supernatural element is one of the major elements that has remained. The traditional novel, Rebecca, supernatural element is the presence of Rebecca that is prominent in every room in the house. The presence of Rebecca is very prominent throughout the novel, it is an ominous feeling that lingers throughout the novel, haunting the female protagonist psychologically. It
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In both Rebecca and Crimson Peak, romance is used to advance the plot and bring the female protagonists to the isolated mansions. The two different types of Gothic Fiction are very similar in that retrospect; the two have rivals for their husbands and the haunting of someone that died in the house. Dracula Untold also has a romance aspect in its own storyline between Vladamir, the protagonist, and his wife. Romance has never lost its presence within Gothic fiction, despite the changes in beliefs of society, although the relationships have become more equal in its approach to